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The effect of bevacizumab on vestibular schwannoma tumour size and hearing in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2

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@article{6779e3aff239419a89687dcaa4db69c7,
title = "The effect of bevacizumab on vestibular schwannoma tumour size and hearing in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2",
abstract = "The hallmark of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VS) and severe hearing loss is common in NF2 patients. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression level in NF2 correlates with tumour growth rate and bevacizumab, a VEGF-binding antibody, has previously been shown to induce tumour shrinkage and improve hearing. We retrospectively reviewed the effect of bevacizumab on hearing and VS tumour size in 12 consecutive NF2 patients. Bevacizumab 10 mg/kg was administered intravenously every second week for 6 months; hereafter, bevacizumab 15 mg/kg was administered every third week. Patients were evaluated with repeated audiometries, MR scans and clinical evaluations. Radiological response was defined as a 20 {\%} or greater reduction in VS volume. A total of 398 treatments (median 36) were administered and the median duration on therapy was 22 months (range 7-34). We observed a radiological response (≥20 {\%} tumour shrinkage) in seven out of 18 tumours (39 {\%}) in six out of 12 patients (50 {\%}). Sustained radiological responses were maintained in six tumours (33 {\%}) for more than 2 months. Three patients had objectively improved hearing and five patients reported subjective benefit in neurological symptoms, including improved hearing. Toxicity was in general manageable; however, one patient died from cerebral haemorrhage which was possibly related to therapy. In conclusion, bevacizumab improved hearing and reduced the size of VS in some patients with progressive NF2 which corroborates previous findings; however, the risk of severe side effects should be carefully considered and discussed with the patients prior to treatment.",
author = "Alanin, {Mikkel Christian} and Camilla Klausen and Per Caye-Thomasen and Carsten Thomsen and Kaare Fugleholm and Lars Poulsgaard and Ulrik Lassen and Morten S{\o}rensen and Hofland, {Kenneth Francis}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1007/s00405-014-3398-3",
language = "English",
volume = "272",
pages = "3627--33",
journal = "Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde",
issn = "0003-9195",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of bevacizumab on vestibular schwannoma tumour size and hearing in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2

AU - Alanin, Mikkel Christian

AU - Klausen, Camilla

AU - Caye-Thomasen, Per

AU - Thomsen, Carsten

AU - Fugleholm, Kaare

AU - Poulsgaard, Lars

AU - Lassen, Ulrik

AU - Sørensen, Morten

AU - Hofland, Kenneth Francis

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The hallmark of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VS) and severe hearing loss is common in NF2 patients. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression level in NF2 correlates with tumour growth rate and bevacizumab, a VEGF-binding antibody, has previously been shown to induce tumour shrinkage and improve hearing. We retrospectively reviewed the effect of bevacizumab on hearing and VS tumour size in 12 consecutive NF2 patients. Bevacizumab 10 mg/kg was administered intravenously every second week for 6 months; hereafter, bevacizumab 15 mg/kg was administered every third week. Patients were evaluated with repeated audiometries, MR scans and clinical evaluations. Radiological response was defined as a 20 % or greater reduction in VS volume. A total of 398 treatments (median 36) were administered and the median duration on therapy was 22 months (range 7-34). We observed a radiological response (≥20 % tumour shrinkage) in seven out of 18 tumours (39 %) in six out of 12 patients (50 %). Sustained radiological responses were maintained in six tumours (33 %) for more than 2 months. Three patients had objectively improved hearing and five patients reported subjective benefit in neurological symptoms, including improved hearing. Toxicity was in general manageable; however, one patient died from cerebral haemorrhage which was possibly related to therapy. In conclusion, bevacizumab improved hearing and reduced the size of VS in some patients with progressive NF2 which corroborates previous findings; however, the risk of severe side effects should be carefully considered and discussed with the patients prior to treatment.

AB - The hallmark of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VS) and severe hearing loss is common in NF2 patients. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression level in NF2 correlates with tumour growth rate and bevacizumab, a VEGF-binding antibody, has previously been shown to induce tumour shrinkage and improve hearing. We retrospectively reviewed the effect of bevacizumab on hearing and VS tumour size in 12 consecutive NF2 patients. Bevacizumab 10 mg/kg was administered intravenously every second week for 6 months; hereafter, bevacizumab 15 mg/kg was administered every third week. Patients were evaluated with repeated audiometries, MR scans and clinical evaluations. Radiological response was defined as a 20 % or greater reduction in VS volume. A total of 398 treatments (median 36) were administered and the median duration on therapy was 22 months (range 7-34). We observed a radiological response (≥20 % tumour shrinkage) in seven out of 18 tumours (39 %) in six out of 12 patients (50 %). Sustained radiological responses were maintained in six tumours (33 %) for more than 2 months. Three patients had objectively improved hearing and five patients reported subjective benefit in neurological symptoms, including improved hearing. Toxicity was in general manageable; however, one patient died from cerebral haemorrhage which was possibly related to therapy. In conclusion, bevacizumab improved hearing and reduced the size of VS in some patients with progressive NF2 which corroborates previous findings; however, the risk of severe side effects should be carefully considered and discussed with the patients prior to treatment.

U2 - 10.1007/s00405-014-3398-3

DO - 10.1007/s00405-014-3398-3

M3 - Journal article

VL - 272

SP - 3627

EP - 3633

JO - Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde

JF - Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde

SN - 0003-9195

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 44956003