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Rigshospitalet - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Surgical management, staging, and outcomes of Wilms tumours with intravascular extension: Results of the IMPORT study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

  • Kristina Dzhuma
  • Mark Powis
  • Gordan Vujanic
  • Tom Watson
  • Oystein Olsen
  • Susan Shelmerdine
  • Minou Oostveen
  • Jesper Brok
  • Sabine Irtan
  • Richard Williams
  • Suzanne Tugnait
  • Naima Smeulders
  • Imran Mushtaq
  • Tanzina Chowdhury
  • Reem Al-Saadi
  • Kathy Pritchard-Jones
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PURPOSE: To review surgical management, tumour stage and clinical outcomes in children with intravascular extension of Wilms tumour (WT) registered in a national clinical study (2012-19).

METHODS: WTs with presence/suspicion of tumour thrombus in the renal vein (RV) or beyond on radiology, surgery or pathology case report forms were identified. Only cases where thrombus was confirmed by surgeon and/or reference pathologist were included. Surgical management, disease stage, overall (OS) and event free survival (EFS) were investigated.

RESULTS: 69/583 (11.8%) patients met the inclusion criteria. Forty-six (67%) had abdominal stage III due to thrombus-related reasons: 11 had macroscopically incomplete resection, including 8 cases where cavotomy was not performed; 20 had piecemeal complete resection of thrombus; 15 had microscopically positive resection margins at the RV. 66% of tumour thrombi contained viable tumour. There were eight relapses and five deaths. EFS, but not OS, was significantly associated with completeness of surgical resection (P<0.05). OS and EFS were also significantly associated with histological risk group (P<0.05) but not with viability of tumour thrombus (P=0.19; P=0.59).

CONCLUSIONS: WTs with intravascular extension have a high risk of local stage III due to thrombus-related reasons. Controlled complete removal of the thrombus should be the aim of surgery.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Vol/bind57
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)572-578
Antal sider7
ISSN0022-3468
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.

ID: 72894817