Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Rigshospitalet - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Supplementation by thylakoids to a high carbohydrate meal decreases feelings of hunger, elevates CCK levels and prevents postprandial hypoglycaemia in overweight women

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Stenblom, Eva-Lena ; Montelius, Caroline ; Östbring, Karolina ; Håkansson, Maria ; Nilsson, Sofia ; Rehfeld, Jens F ; Erlanson-Albertsson, Charlotte. / Supplementation by thylakoids to a high carbohydrate meal decreases feelings of hunger, elevates CCK levels and prevents postprandial hypoglycaemia in overweight women. I: Appetite. 2013 ; Bind 68. s. 118-23.

Bibtex

@article{b2d6f4fc2ce34413aa03eacbe4c65918,
title = "Supplementation by thylakoids to a high carbohydrate meal decreases feelings of hunger, elevates CCK levels and prevents postprandial hypoglycaemia in overweight women",
abstract = "Thylakoids are chlorophyll-containing membranes in chloroplasts that have been isolated from green leaves. It has been previously shown that thylakoids supplemented with a high-fat meal can affect cholecystokinin (CCK), ghrelin, insulin and blood lipids in humans, and can act to suppress food intake and prevent body weight gain in rodents. This study investigates the addition of thylakoids to a high carbohydrate meal and its effects upon hunger motivation and fullness, and the levels of glucose, insulin, CCK, ghrelin and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in overweight women. Twenty moderately overweight female subjects received test meals on three different occasions; two thylakoid enriched and one control, separated by 1 week. The test meals consisted of a high carbohydrate Swedish breakfast, with or without addition of thylakoids. Blood samples and VAS-questionnaires were evaluated over a 4-h period. Addition of thylakoids suppressed hunger motivation and increased secretion of CCK from 180 min, and prevented postprandial hypoglycaemia from 90 min following food intake. These effects indicate that thylakoids may intensify signals of satiety. This study therefore suggests that the dietary addition of thylakoids could aid efforts to reduce food intake and prevent compensational eating later in the day, which may help to reduce body weight over time.",
keywords = "Adult, Aged, Blood Glucose, Cholecystokinin, Diet, Dietary Carbohydrates, Dietary Supplements, Female, Ghrelin, Humans, Hunger, Hypoglycemia, Insulin, Middle Aged, Overweight, Postprandial Period, Questionnaires, Satiation, Satiety Response, Single-Blind Method, Thylakoids, Time Factors, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha",
author = "Eva-Lena Stenblom and Caroline Montelius and Karolina {\"O}stbring and Maria H{\aa}kansson and Sofia Nilsson and Rehfeld, {Jens F} and Charlotte Erlanson-Albertsson",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2013 The authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.appet.2013.04.022",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "118--23",
journal = "Appetite",
issn = "0195-6663",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Supplementation by thylakoids to a high carbohydrate meal decreases feelings of hunger, elevates CCK levels and prevents postprandial hypoglycaemia in overweight women

AU - Stenblom, Eva-Lena

AU - Montelius, Caroline

AU - Östbring, Karolina

AU - Håkansson, Maria

AU - Nilsson, Sofia

AU - Rehfeld, Jens F

AU - Erlanson-Albertsson, Charlotte

N1 - Copyright © 2013 The authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - Thylakoids are chlorophyll-containing membranes in chloroplasts that have been isolated from green leaves. It has been previously shown that thylakoids supplemented with a high-fat meal can affect cholecystokinin (CCK), ghrelin, insulin and blood lipids in humans, and can act to suppress food intake and prevent body weight gain in rodents. This study investigates the addition of thylakoids to a high carbohydrate meal and its effects upon hunger motivation and fullness, and the levels of glucose, insulin, CCK, ghrelin and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in overweight women. Twenty moderately overweight female subjects received test meals on three different occasions; two thylakoid enriched and one control, separated by 1 week. The test meals consisted of a high carbohydrate Swedish breakfast, with or without addition of thylakoids. Blood samples and VAS-questionnaires were evaluated over a 4-h period. Addition of thylakoids suppressed hunger motivation and increased secretion of CCK from 180 min, and prevented postprandial hypoglycaemia from 90 min following food intake. These effects indicate that thylakoids may intensify signals of satiety. This study therefore suggests that the dietary addition of thylakoids could aid efforts to reduce food intake and prevent compensational eating later in the day, which may help to reduce body weight over time.

AB - Thylakoids are chlorophyll-containing membranes in chloroplasts that have been isolated from green leaves. It has been previously shown that thylakoids supplemented with a high-fat meal can affect cholecystokinin (CCK), ghrelin, insulin and blood lipids in humans, and can act to suppress food intake and prevent body weight gain in rodents. This study investigates the addition of thylakoids to a high carbohydrate meal and its effects upon hunger motivation and fullness, and the levels of glucose, insulin, CCK, ghrelin and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in overweight women. Twenty moderately overweight female subjects received test meals on three different occasions; two thylakoid enriched and one control, separated by 1 week. The test meals consisted of a high carbohydrate Swedish breakfast, with or without addition of thylakoids. Blood samples and VAS-questionnaires were evaluated over a 4-h period. Addition of thylakoids suppressed hunger motivation and increased secretion of CCK from 180 min, and prevented postprandial hypoglycaemia from 90 min following food intake. These effects indicate that thylakoids may intensify signals of satiety. This study therefore suggests that the dietary addition of thylakoids could aid efforts to reduce food intake and prevent compensational eating later in the day, which may help to reduce body weight over time.

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Blood Glucose

KW - Cholecystokinin

KW - Diet

KW - Dietary Carbohydrates

KW - Dietary Supplements

KW - Female

KW - Ghrelin

KW - Humans

KW - Hunger

KW - Hypoglycemia

KW - Insulin

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Overweight

KW - Postprandial Period

KW - Questionnaires

KW - Satiation

KW - Satiety Response

KW - Single-Blind Method

KW - Thylakoids

KW - Time Factors

KW - Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

U2 - 10.1016/j.appet.2013.04.022

DO - 10.1016/j.appet.2013.04.022

M3 - Journal article

VL - 68

SP - 118

EP - 123

JO - Appetite

JF - Appetite

SN - 0195-6663

ER -

ID: 41955309