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Structural brain abnormalities associated with cognitive impairments in bipolar disorder

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Macoveanu, J, Freeman, KO, Kjaerstad, HL, Knudsen, GM, Kessing, LV & Miskowiak, KW 2021, 'Structural brain abnormalities associated with cognitive impairments in bipolar disorder', Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, bind 144, nr. 4, s. 379-391. https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.13349

APA

Macoveanu, J., Freeman, K. O., Kjaerstad, H. L., Knudsen, G. M., Kessing, L. V., & Miskowiak, K. W. (2021). Structural brain abnormalities associated with cognitive impairments in bipolar disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 144(4), 379-391. https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.13349

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MLA

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Author

Macoveanu, Julian ; Freeman, Katherine Olivia ; Kjaerstad, Hanne Lie ; Knudsen, Gitte Moos ; Kessing, Lars Vedel ; Miskowiak, Kamilla Woznica. / Structural brain abnormalities associated with cognitive impairments in bipolar disorder. I: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2021 ; Bind 144, Nr. 4. s. 379-391.

Bibtex

@article{7ac8a1080b9b4a4f96c7988ab841cb3a,
title = "Structural brain abnormalities associated with cognitive impairments in bipolar disorder",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment has been highlighted as a core feature of bipolar disorder (BD) that often persists during remission. The specific brain correlates of cognitive impairment in BD remain unclear which impedes efficient therapeutic approaches. In a large sample of remitted BD patients, we investigated whether morphological brain abnormalities within dorsal prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus were related to cognitive deficits.METHODS: Remitted BD patients (n = 153) and healthy controls (n = 52) underwent neuropsychological assessment and structural MRI. Based on hierarchical cluster analysis of neuropsychological test performance, patients were classified as either cognitively impaired (n = 91) or cognitively normal (n = 62). The neurocognitive subgroups were compared amongst each other and with healthy controls in terms of dorsal PFC cortical thickness and volume, hippocampus shape and volume, and total cerebral grey and white matter volumes.RESULTS: Cognitively impaired patients displayed greater left dorsomedial prefrontal thickness compared to cognitively normal patients and healthy controls. Hippocampal grey matter volume and shape were similar across patient subgroups and healthy controls. At a whole-brain level, cognitively impaired patients had lower cerebral white matter volume compared to the other groups. Across all participants, lower white matter volume correlated with more impaired neuropsychological test performance.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings associate cognitive impairment in bipolar disorder with cerebral white matter deficits, factors which may relate to the observed morphological changes in dorsomedial PFC possibly due to increased neurocognitive effort to maintain symptom stability in these remitted patients.",
keywords = "bipolar disorders, cognitive impairments, cortical thickness, structural MRI",
author = "Julian Macoveanu and Freeman, {Katherine Olivia} and Kjaerstad, {Hanne Lie} and Knudsen, {Gitte Moos} and Kessing, {Lars Vedel} and Miskowiak, {Kamilla Woznica}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2021",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1111/acps.13349",
language = "English",
volume = "144",
pages = "379--391",
journal = "Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica",
issn = "0001-690X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structural brain abnormalities associated with cognitive impairments in bipolar disorder

AU - Macoveanu, Julian

AU - Freeman, Katherine Olivia

AU - Kjaerstad, Hanne Lie

AU - Knudsen, Gitte Moos

AU - Kessing, Lars Vedel

AU - Miskowiak, Kamilla Woznica

N1 - © 2021 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2021/10

Y1 - 2021/10

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment has been highlighted as a core feature of bipolar disorder (BD) that often persists during remission. The specific brain correlates of cognitive impairment in BD remain unclear which impedes efficient therapeutic approaches. In a large sample of remitted BD patients, we investigated whether morphological brain abnormalities within dorsal prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus were related to cognitive deficits.METHODS: Remitted BD patients (n = 153) and healthy controls (n = 52) underwent neuropsychological assessment and structural MRI. Based on hierarchical cluster analysis of neuropsychological test performance, patients were classified as either cognitively impaired (n = 91) or cognitively normal (n = 62). The neurocognitive subgroups were compared amongst each other and with healthy controls in terms of dorsal PFC cortical thickness and volume, hippocampus shape and volume, and total cerebral grey and white matter volumes.RESULTS: Cognitively impaired patients displayed greater left dorsomedial prefrontal thickness compared to cognitively normal patients and healthy controls. Hippocampal grey matter volume and shape were similar across patient subgroups and healthy controls. At a whole-brain level, cognitively impaired patients had lower cerebral white matter volume compared to the other groups. Across all participants, lower white matter volume correlated with more impaired neuropsychological test performance.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings associate cognitive impairment in bipolar disorder with cerebral white matter deficits, factors which may relate to the observed morphological changes in dorsomedial PFC possibly due to increased neurocognitive effort to maintain symptom stability in these remitted patients.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment has been highlighted as a core feature of bipolar disorder (BD) that often persists during remission. The specific brain correlates of cognitive impairment in BD remain unclear which impedes efficient therapeutic approaches. In a large sample of remitted BD patients, we investigated whether morphological brain abnormalities within dorsal prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus were related to cognitive deficits.METHODS: Remitted BD patients (n = 153) and healthy controls (n = 52) underwent neuropsychological assessment and structural MRI. Based on hierarchical cluster analysis of neuropsychological test performance, patients were classified as either cognitively impaired (n = 91) or cognitively normal (n = 62). The neurocognitive subgroups were compared amongst each other and with healthy controls in terms of dorsal PFC cortical thickness and volume, hippocampus shape and volume, and total cerebral grey and white matter volumes.RESULTS: Cognitively impaired patients displayed greater left dorsomedial prefrontal thickness compared to cognitively normal patients and healthy controls. Hippocampal grey matter volume and shape were similar across patient subgroups and healthy controls. At a whole-brain level, cognitively impaired patients had lower cerebral white matter volume compared to the other groups. Across all participants, lower white matter volume correlated with more impaired neuropsychological test performance.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings associate cognitive impairment in bipolar disorder with cerebral white matter deficits, factors which may relate to the observed morphological changes in dorsomedial PFC possibly due to increased neurocognitive effort to maintain symptom stability in these remitted patients.

KW - bipolar disorders

KW - cognitive impairments

KW - cortical thickness

KW - structural MRI

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85111475407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/acps.13349

DO - 10.1111/acps.13349

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34245569

VL - 144

SP - 379

EP - 391

JO - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

SN - 0001-690X

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 67030896