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Recurrent otorrhea in chronic suppurative otitis media: is biofilm the missing link?

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@article{f1231e7a585d427c8c483e9a5985a198,
title = "Recurrent otorrhea in chronic suppurative otitis media: is biofilm the missing link?",
abstract = "Dispersal of bacteria from a biofilm in the middle ear, serving as a bacterial reservoir, could explain the recurrent and chronic nature of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). The objective of this study is to investigate if the same strains of bacteria could be detected in repeated episodes of otorrhea in CSOM. In a prospective case series at a primary healthcare clinic in Nuuk, Greenland, patients with more than 14 days of otorrhea were included consecutively. Samples for culturing and biofilm analysis were taken at enrollment and at any subsequent episode with otorrhea. Participants were treated with daily saline irrigation and Ciprofloxacin eardrops for 7-14 days. Biofilm was identified in otorrhea in 81{\%} (17/21) of participants at enrollment. Multispecies infections dominated with Non-typeable Haemophilus Influenzae (NTHI), Staphyloccocus aureus, and anaerobes being the most frequent pathogens. After the initial treatment, 19 (90{\%}) had dry ears. Median observation period was 140 days (range 14-280) where 13 participants had one or more recurrences. Median time to first recurrence was 60 days (range 14-197). Among the 13 with recurrence, three individuals had the same genotype of bacteria at a subsequent episode. Another two had the same phenotype (NTHI). The remaining eight had new multispecies infections. We confirmed a high rate of biofilm in CSOM. However, the clinical implication might be of minor importance when treating with irrigation and antibiotic eardrops, as recurrent episodes of otorrhea were dominated by new pathogens in each episode.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Jensen, {Ramon Gordon} and Johansen, {Helle Krogh} and Thomas Bjarnsholt and Eickhardt-S{\o}rensen, {Steffen Robert} and Preben Hom{\o}e",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1007/s00405-017-4586-8",
language = "English",
volume = "274",
pages = "2741--2747",
journal = "Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde",
issn = "0003-9195",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recurrent otorrhea in chronic suppurative otitis media

T2 - is biofilm the missing link?

AU - Jensen, Ramon Gordon

AU - Johansen, Helle Krogh

AU - Bjarnsholt, Thomas

AU - Eickhardt-Sørensen, Steffen Robert

AU - Homøe, Preben

PY - 2017/7

Y1 - 2017/7

N2 - Dispersal of bacteria from a biofilm in the middle ear, serving as a bacterial reservoir, could explain the recurrent and chronic nature of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). The objective of this study is to investigate if the same strains of bacteria could be detected in repeated episodes of otorrhea in CSOM. In a prospective case series at a primary healthcare clinic in Nuuk, Greenland, patients with more than 14 days of otorrhea were included consecutively. Samples for culturing and biofilm analysis were taken at enrollment and at any subsequent episode with otorrhea. Participants were treated with daily saline irrigation and Ciprofloxacin eardrops for 7-14 days. Biofilm was identified in otorrhea in 81% (17/21) of participants at enrollment. Multispecies infections dominated with Non-typeable Haemophilus Influenzae (NTHI), Staphyloccocus aureus, and anaerobes being the most frequent pathogens. After the initial treatment, 19 (90%) had dry ears. Median observation period was 140 days (range 14-280) where 13 participants had one or more recurrences. Median time to first recurrence was 60 days (range 14-197). Among the 13 with recurrence, three individuals had the same genotype of bacteria at a subsequent episode. Another two had the same phenotype (NTHI). The remaining eight had new multispecies infections. We confirmed a high rate of biofilm in CSOM. However, the clinical implication might be of minor importance when treating with irrigation and antibiotic eardrops, as recurrent episodes of otorrhea were dominated by new pathogens in each episode.

AB - Dispersal of bacteria from a biofilm in the middle ear, serving as a bacterial reservoir, could explain the recurrent and chronic nature of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). The objective of this study is to investigate if the same strains of bacteria could be detected in repeated episodes of otorrhea in CSOM. In a prospective case series at a primary healthcare clinic in Nuuk, Greenland, patients with more than 14 days of otorrhea were included consecutively. Samples for culturing and biofilm analysis were taken at enrollment and at any subsequent episode with otorrhea. Participants were treated with daily saline irrigation and Ciprofloxacin eardrops for 7-14 days. Biofilm was identified in otorrhea in 81% (17/21) of participants at enrollment. Multispecies infections dominated with Non-typeable Haemophilus Influenzae (NTHI), Staphyloccocus aureus, and anaerobes being the most frequent pathogens. After the initial treatment, 19 (90%) had dry ears. Median observation period was 140 days (range 14-280) where 13 participants had one or more recurrences. Median time to first recurrence was 60 days (range 14-197). Among the 13 with recurrence, three individuals had the same genotype of bacteria at a subsequent episode. Another two had the same phenotype (NTHI). The remaining eight had new multispecies infections. We confirmed a high rate of biofilm in CSOM. However, the clinical implication might be of minor importance when treating with irrigation and antibiotic eardrops, as recurrent episodes of otorrhea were dominated by new pathogens in each episode.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1007/s00405-017-4586-8

DO - 10.1007/s00405-017-4586-8

M3 - Journal article

VL - 274

SP - 2741

EP - 2747

JO - Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde

JF - Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde

SN - 0003-9195

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 52090215