Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Rigshospitalet - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Rapid syndromic PCR testing in patients with respiratory tract infections reduces time to results and improves microbial yield

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  1. Exercise suppresses tumor growth independent of high fat food intake and associated immune dysfunction

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Systematically evaluating DOTATATE and FDG as PET immuno-imaging tracers of cardiovascular inflammation

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Predicting survival of glioblastoma from automatic whole-brain and tumor segmentation of MR images

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • S. Serigstad
  • D. Markussen
  • H. M.S. Grewal
  • M. Ebbesen
  • Kommedal
  • L. Heggelund
  • C. H. van Werkhoven
  • D. Faurholt-Jepsen
  • T. W. Clark
  • C. Ritz
  • E. Ulvestad
  • R. Bjørneklett
  • S. T. Knoop
  • The CAPNOR Study Group
Vis graf over relationer

Lack of rapid and comprehensive microbiological diagnosis in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) hampers appropriate antimicrobial therapy. This study evaluates the real-world performance of the BioFire FilmArray Pneumonia panel plus (FAP plus) and explores the feasibility of evaluation in a randomised controlled trial. Patients presenting to hospital with suspected CAP were recruited in a prospective feasibility study. An induced sputum or an endotracheal aspirate was obtained from all participants. The FAP plus turnaround time (TAT) and microbiological yield were compared with standard diagnostic methods (SDs). 96/104 (92%) enrolled patients had a respiratory tract infection (RTI); 72 CAP and 24 other RTIs. Median TAT was shorter for the FAP plus, compared with in-house PCR (2.6 vs 24.1 h, p < 0.001) and sputum cultures (2.6 vs 57.5 h, p < 0.001). The total microbiological yield by the FAP plus was higher compared to SDs (91% (162/179) vs 55% (99/179), p < 0.0001). Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza A virus were the most frequent pathogens. In conclusion, molecular panel testing in adults with CAP was associated with a significant reduction in time to actionable results and increased microbiological yield. The impact on antibiotic use and patient outcome should be assessed in randomised controlled trials.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer326
TidsskriftScientific Reports
Vol/bind12
Udgave nummer1
ISSN2045-2322
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
C. H. van Werkhoven has received non-financial and financial research support from BioMérieux. Tristan W. Clark has received consulting fees, honoraria for lectures and manuscript writing/educational events, support for attending meetings and other services from BioMérieux and BioFire LLC. The other authors have nothing to disclose.

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Trond Mohn Foundation (RESPNOR; BFS2019TMT06), The Research Council of Norway (NORCAP; 288718), The University of Bergen and Haukeland University Hospital.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

ID: 79245445