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Quality of life in survivors of oropharyngeal cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 1366 patients

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

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Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is rapidly increasing in incidence and has a favourable prognosis compared with HPV-negative disease. Current combined therapies include significant risks of morbidity for the growing group of survivors. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates how treatment affects quality of life (QoL) in survivors of oropharyngeal cancer. PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for all studies reporting patient-assessed QoL at least 1 year after treatment for OPC. In a meta-analysis, weighted average QoL scores from the four most commonly utilised QoL instruments were compared with baseline and reference group scores using the concept of minimal clinically important difference. The meta-analysis included data from 1366 patients from 25 studies and 12 countries. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core-30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) was answered by 704 patients, 644 patients answered the EORTC QLQ Head and Neck-35 (H&N-35), 474 patients answered the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire, and 381 patients answered the M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory. Moderate to large clinically important deteriorations in QoL were found in the domains dry mouth and sticky saliva for the EORTC QLQ-H&N35, saliva, chewing, swallowing, speech, taste, appearance and shoulder for the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire, and the global, physical and emotional subscales for the M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory. In conclusion, survivors of OPC face clinically important deteriorations in QoL that most markedly centre on xerostomia, dysphagia and chewing. These ailments indicate a potential for improvement in patient management.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
Vol/bind78
Sider (fra-til)91-102
Antal sider12
ISSN0959-8049
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2017

ID: 52148143