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Preserved postprandial suppression of bone turnover markers, despite increased fasting levels, in postmenopausal women

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CONTEXT: Menopause leads to an increased bone turnover associated with a high risk of fractures. Bone turnover is inhibited by meal intake, to some extent mediated by gut hormones, and interventions based on these endocrine changes may have potential in future prevention of osteoporosis.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether postmenopausal women exhibit postprandial suppression of bone turnover markers to the same extent as premenopausal women, despite higher fasting levels. Furthermore, to assess whether menopausal differences in bone turnover markers are related to postmenopausal changes in plasma gut hormone levels.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 21 premenopausal, 9 perimenopausal, and 24 postmenopausal women between 45 and 60 years of age. Serum/plasma levels of bone turnover markers and gut hormones were investigated during a 120 min oral glucose tolerance test. Bone turnover markers included N-terminal propeptide of type-I procollagen (PINP, bone formation marker) and carboxyterminal collagen I crosslinks (CTX-I, bone resorption marker). Gut hormone secretion was evaluated from responses of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP).

RESULTS: Fasting levels of s-CTX-I were increased in peri- and postmenopausal women compared to premenopausal women (p = 0.001). Despite higher fasting levels, the relative postprandial s-CTX-I suppression was comparable across menopausal status (p = 0.14). Fasting levels of s-PINP were also increased in postmenopausal women compared to premenopausal women (p < 0.001) with comparable and modest s-PINP suppression over menopause (p = 0.13). Postprandial plasma GLP-1 (p = 0.006) and GLP-2 (p = 0.01) were significantly increased in postmenopausal women compared to premenopausal women while GIP responses were slightly increased in the perimenopausal group (p = 0.02) but comparable between pre- and postmenopausal women. None of the postprandial gut hormone increases predicted postprandial bone turnover suppression in these women.

CONCLUSIONS: Glucose-induced suppression of bone turnover markers is preserved in postmenopausal women, despite significantly higher fasting values, indicating that CTX-I lowering treatments based on these postprandial mechanisms might be a feasible strategy to prevent postmenopausal osteoporosis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer115612
TidsskriftBone
Vol/bind143
ISSN8756-3282
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2021

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