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Plasma Levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, IFNγ, and TNFα are not Associated with Delayed Cerebral Ischemia, Cerebral Vasospasm, or Clinical Outcome in Patients with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

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BACKGROUND: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is a serious and frequent complication following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The pathophysiology behind DCI remains poorly understood, but inflammation has been proposed to play a significant role. This study investigated the relationship between plasma levels of some of the most important inflammatory markers and DCI, cerebral vasospasm, and functional outcome in patients with SAH.

METHODS: In 90 patients with SAH, interleukin-6, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (HsCRP), interleukin-8, interleukin-10, interferon gamma, and tumor necrosis factor alpha were measured in peripheral blood day 3 and day 8 after SAH. Any occurrence of DCI or infection was recorded, and computed tomography angiography was performed on day 8. Clinical outcome was assessed after 3 months.

RESULTS: HsCRP on day 3 was higher in patients with angiographic vasospasm (P = 0.003), and HsCRP on day 8 was higher in patients with poor outcome (P = 0.014). No association with DCI, vasospasm, or outcome was found for any of the remaining analyzed substances.

CONCLUSIONS: High plasma levels of HsCRP were significantly associated with angiographic vasospasm and clinical outcome. Plasma levels of interleukin-6, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, interleukin-8, interleukin-10, interferon gamma, and tumor necrosis factor alpha were not associated with DCI, angiographic vasospasm, or clinical outcome at 3 months.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWorld Neurosurgery
Vol/bind128
Sider (fra-til)e1131-e36
ISSN1878-8750
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 20 maj 2019

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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