Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Rigshospitalet - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Physical exercise may increase plasma concentration of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol in patients with alzheimer's disease

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{42408335d3174fb5a5c94533db3de78b,
title = "Physical exercise may increase plasma concentration of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol in patients with alzheimer's disease",
abstract = "Lifestyle factors have been shown to increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) later in life. Specifically, an unfavorable cholesterol profile, and insulin resistance are associated with increased risk of developing AD. One way to non-pharmacologically affect the levels of plasma lipids is by exercise, which has been shown to be beneficial in cognitively healthy individuals. In this randomized controlled trial y, we therefore aimed to clarify the effect of physical exercise on the lipid profile, insulin and glucose in patients with AD. In addition, we investigated the effect of apolipoproteinE genotype on total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) in plasma from patients with AD. Plasma samples from 172 patients who underwent 16 weeks of moderate-to-high intensity exercise (n = 90) or treatment as usual (n = 82) were analyzed change from baseline for the levels of total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, glucose, and insulin. In addition, we analyzed those from the exercise group who adhered to the protocol with an attendance of 2/3 or more of the exercise session and who followed the protocol of an intensity of 70% of the maximum heart rate. We found a significant increase in plasma HDL-C levels between the {"}high exercise sub-group{"} compared to control group. After intervention HDL-C was increased by 4.3% in the high-exercise group, and decreased by 0.7% in the control group, after adjustment for statin use. In conclusion, short term physical activity may be beneficial on the cholesterol profile in patients with AD.",
keywords = "Alzheimer{\textquoteright}s disease, cholesterol, exercise, fitness, HDL-C, lipid profile",
author = "Jensen, {Camilla Steen} and Musaeus, {Christian Sand{\o}e} and Ruth Frikke-Schmidt and Andersen, {Birgitte Bo} and Nina Beyer and Hanne Gottrup and Peter H{\o}gh and Karsten Vestergaard and Lene Wermuth and Frederiksen, {Kristian Steen} and Gunhild Waldemar and Steen Hasselbalch and Simonsen, {Anja Hviid}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Jensen, Musaeus, Frikke-Schmidt, Andersen, Beyer, Gottrup, H{\o}gh, Vestergaard, Wermuth, Frederiksen, Waldemar, Hasselbalch and Simonsen.",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.3389/fnins.2020.00532",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "Frontiers in Neuroscience",
issn = "1662-4548",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical exercise may increase plasma concentration of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol in patients with alzheimer's disease

AU - Jensen, Camilla Steen

AU - Musaeus, Christian Sandøe

AU - Frikke-Schmidt, Ruth

AU - Andersen, Birgitte Bo

AU - Beyer, Nina

AU - Gottrup, Hanne

AU - Høgh, Peter

AU - Vestergaard, Karsten

AU - Wermuth, Lene

AU - Frederiksen, Kristian Steen

AU - Waldemar, Gunhild

AU - Hasselbalch, Steen

AU - Simonsen, Anja Hviid

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Jensen, Musaeus, Frikke-Schmidt, Andersen, Beyer, Gottrup, Høgh, Vestergaard, Wermuth, Frederiksen, Waldemar, Hasselbalch and Simonsen.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Lifestyle factors have been shown to increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) later in life. Specifically, an unfavorable cholesterol profile, and insulin resistance are associated with increased risk of developing AD. One way to non-pharmacologically affect the levels of plasma lipids is by exercise, which has been shown to be beneficial in cognitively healthy individuals. In this randomized controlled trial y, we therefore aimed to clarify the effect of physical exercise on the lipid profile, insulin and glucose in patients with AD. In addition, we investigated the effect of apolipoproteinE genotype on total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) in plasma from patients with AD. Plasma samples from 172 patients who underwent 16 weeks of moderate-to-high intensity exercise (n = 90) or treatment as usual (n = 82) were analyzed change from baseline for the levels of total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, glucose, and insulin. In addition, we analyzed those from the exercise group who adhered to the protocol with an attendance of 2/3 or more of the exercise session and who followed the protocol of an intensity of 70% of the maximum heart rate. We found a significant increase in plasma HDL-C levels between the "high exercise sub-group" compared to control group. After intervention HDL-C was increased by 4.3% in the high-exercise group, and decreased by 0.7% in the control group, after adjustment for statin use. In conclusion, short term physical activity may be beneficial on the cholesterol profile in patients with AD.

AB - Lifestyle factors have been shown to increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) later in life. Specifically, an unfavorable cholesterol profile, and insulin resistance are associated with increased risk of developing AD. One way to non-pharmacologically affect the levels of plasma lipids is by exercise, which has been shown to be beneficial in cognitively healthy individuals. In this randomized controlled trial y, we therefore aimed to clarify the effect of physical exercise on the lipid profile, insulin and glucose in patients with AD. In addition, we investigated the effect of apolipoproteinE genotype on total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) in plasma from patients with AD. Plasma samples from 172 patients who underwent 16 weeks of moderate-to-high intensity exercise (n = 90) or treatment as usual (n = 82) were analyzed change from baseline for the levels of total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, glucose, and insulin. In addition, we analyzed those from the exercise group who adhered to the protocol with an attendance of 2/3 or more of the exercise session and who followed the protocol of an intensity of 70% of the maximum heart rate. We found a significant increase in plasma HDL-C levels between the "high exercise sub-group" compared to control group. After intervention HDL-C was increased by 4.3% in the high-exercise group, and decreased by 0.7% in the control group, after adjustment for statin use. In conclusion, short term physical activity may be beneficial on the cholesterol profile in patients with AD.

KW - Alzheimer’s disease

KW - cholesterol

KW - exercise

KW - fitness

KW - HDL-C

KW - lipid profile

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85086342081&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fnins.2020.00532

DO - 10.3389/fnins.2020.00532

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32536853

VL - 14

JO - Frontiers in Neuroscience

JF - Frontiers in Neuroscience

SN - 1662-4548

M1 - 532

ER -

ID: 60274844