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Udgivet

Patients with Unstable Atherosclerosis Have More Echolucent Carotid Plaques Compared with Stable Atherosclerotic Patients: A 3-D Ultrasound Study

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Vis graf over relationer

Using a novel 3-D ultrasound system, we aimed to determine differences in carotid plaque size and echogenicity in two atherosclerotic groups. Seventy patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (aMI) and 69 patients known with chronic peripheral arterial disease (cPAD) were included. The cPAD group had larger plaque volumes (median: 70.24 mm3, interquartile range [40.12-135.61] vs. 55.41 mm3 [4.24-84.31], p = 0.004), thicker plaques (2.45 mm [1.85-3.25] vs. 1.99 mm [1.55 - 2.64], p = 0.005) and higher gray-scale medians (GSMs) (mean: 71.75, standard deviation: 21.55 vs. 60.99 [24.09], p = 0.006) than the aMI group. After adjustment for traditional risk factors, the difference persisted for thickness and volume. The difference in GSM persisted after adjustment for volume only. Patients with stable atherosclerotic disease had larger and brighter carotid plaques compared with unstable atherosclerotic patients. 3-D ultrasound may prove useful in identifying thromboembolic risk.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftUltrasound in Medicine & Biology
Vol/bind46
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)2164-2172
Antal sider9
ISSN0301-5629
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2020

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2020 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

ID: 62092731