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Occupation with grain crops is associated with lower type 1 diabetes incidence: Registry-based case-control study

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@article{58b325059dfe4b8493881162621784f4,
title = "Occupation with grain crops is associated with lower type 1 diabetes incidence: Registry-based case-control study",
abstract = "Intranasal administration of gliadin prevents autoimmune diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice. The current study was designed to investigate if bakers are intranasally exposed to gluten during work and whether occupation as baker is inversely associated with type 1 diabetes. Gliadin was measured in nasal swabs from eight bakers and butchers. The odds ratio of type 1 diabetes in selected profession groups was analysed in a registry-based case-control study with data from 1980 to 2010 derived from Statistics Denmark. The cohort included 1,210,017 Danish individuals, thereof 15,451 with type 1 diabetes (1.28{\%}). Average nasal gliadin swab content after full working days was 6.3 μg (confidence interval (CI): 2.8 to 9.7) among bakers, while no nasal gliadin was detected among butchers. The odds ratio of type 1 diabetes was lower among bakers (OR = 0.57; CI: 0.52 to 0.62) and agriculture workers occupied with production of grains (OR = 0.65; CI: 0.56 to 0.75). Bakers had a lower odds ratio of type 1 diabetes, which potentially could be attributed to exposure of nasal mucosal gluten during work, as observed in this study. If other studies confirm the present observations, intranasal gliadin administration could possibly be an easy and safe approach for the prevention of type 1 diabetes in high-risk individuals or prediabetic subjects.",
keywords = "Case-Control Studies, Crops, Agricultural, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Edible Grain, Gliadin, Glutens, Humans, Nasal Mucosa, Occupations, Odds Ratio, Journal Article",
author = "Martin Haupt-Jorgensen and Erik Nielsen and K{\aa}re Engkilde and Mia Lerche and Jesper Larsen and Karsten Buschard",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0181143",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "e0181143",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupation with grain crops is associated with lower type 1 diabetes incidence

T2 - Registry-based case-control study

AU - Haupt-Jorgensen, Martin

AU - Nielsen, Erik

AU - Engkilde, Kåre

AU - Lerche, Mia

AU - Larsen, Jesper

AU - Buschard, Karsten

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Intranasal administration of gliadin prevents autoimmune diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice. The current study was designed to investigate if bakers are intranasally exposed to gluten during work and whether occupation as baker is inversely associated with type 1 diabetes. Gliadin was measured in nasal swabs from eight bakers and butchers. The odds ratio of type 1 diabetes in selected profession groups was analysed in a registry-based case-control study with data from 1980 to 2010 derived from Statistics Denmark. The cohort included 1,210,017 Danish individuals, thereof 15,451 with type 1 diabetes (1.28%). Average nasal gliadin swab content after full working days was 6.3 μg (confidence interval (CI): 2.8 to 9.7) among bakers, while no nasal gliadin was detected among butchers. The odds ratio of type 1 diabetes was lower among bakers (OR = 0.57; CI: 0.52 to 0.62) and agriculture workers occupied with production of grains (OR = 0.65; CI: 0.56 to 0.75). Bakers had a lower odds ratio of type 1 diabetes, which potentially could be attributed to exposure of nasal mucosal gluten during work, as observed in this study. If other studies confirm the present observations, intranasal gliadin administration could possibly be an easy and safe approach for the prevention of type 1 diabetes in high-risk individuals or prediabetic subjects.

AB - Intranasal administration of gliadin prevents autoimmune diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice. The current study was designed to investigate if bakers are intranasally exposed to gluten during work and whether occupation as baker is inversely associated with type 1 diabetes. Gliadin was measured in nasal swabs from eight bakers and butchers. The odds ratio of type 1 diabetes in selected profession groups was analysed in a registry-based case-control study with data from 1980 to 2010 derived from Statistics Denmark. The cohort included 1,210,017 Danish individuals, thereof 15,451 with type 1 diabetes (1.28%). Average nasal gliadin swab content after full working days was 6.3 μg (confidence interval (CI): 2.8 to 9.7) among bakers, while no nasal gliadin was detected among butchers. The odds ratio of type 1 diabetes was lower among bakers (OR = 0.57; CI: 0.52 to 0.62) and agriculture workers occupied with production of grains (OR = 0.65; CI: 0.56 to 0.75). Bakers had a lower odds ratio of type 1 diabetes, which potentially could be attributed to exposure of nasal mucosal gluten during work, as observed in this study. If other studies confirm the present observations, intranasal gliadin administration could possibly be an easy and safe approach for the prevention of type 1 diabetes in high-risk individuals or prediabetic subjects.

KW - Case-Control Studies

KW - Crops, Agricultural

KW - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1

KW - Edible Grain

KW - Gliadin

KW - Glutens

KW - Humans

KW - Nasal Mucosa

KW - Occupations

KW - Odds Ratio

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0181143

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0181143

M3 - Journal article

VL - 12

SP - e0181143

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 52603236