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Novel Long-Acting GLP-2 Analogue, FE 203799 (Apraglutide), Enhances Adaptation and Linear Intestinal Growth in a Neonatal Piglet Model of Short Bowel Syndrome with Total Resection of the Ileum

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Slim, George M ; Lansing, Marihan ; Wizzard, Pamela ; Nation, Patrick N ; Wheeler, Sarah E ; Brubaker, Patricia L ; Jeppesen, Palle B ; Wales, Paul W ; Turner, Justine M. / Novel Long-Acting GLP-2 Analogue, FE 203799 (Apraglutide), Enhances Adaptation and Linear Intestinal Growth in a Neonatal Piglet Model of Short Bowel Syndrome with Total Resection of the Ileum. I: Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2019 ; Bind 43, Nr. 7. s. 891-898.

Bibtex

@article{757e825743274417a89bc3982f114d96,
title = "Novel Long-Acting GLP-2 Analogue, FE 203799 (Apraglutide), Enhances Adaptation and Linear Intestinal Growth in a Neonatal Piglet Model of Short Bowel Syndrome with Total Resection of the Ileum",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is an intestinotrophic factor released from L-cells in the ileum, a segment commonly resected or atretic in neonatal short bowel syndrome (SBS). In piglets, ileal resection decreases intestinal adaptation and endogenous GLP-2 production, whereas exogenous replacement promotes adaptation. In this study, we determined the effect of a novel long-acting GLP-2 analogue, FE 203799 (FE; apraglutide), upon intestinal growth, adaptation, and function in neonatal SBS piglets without ileum.METHODS: Neonatal piglets were randomized to saline (n = 10) vs FE treatment (n = 8). All piglets underwent 75{\%} intestinal resection with jejunocolic anastomosis and were pair-fed parenteral and enteral nutrition. Saline and FE (5 mg/kg) treatments were administered subcutaneously on days 0 and 4. On day 6, 24-hour fecal samples were collected for subsequent nutrient analysis. On day 7, small-intestinal length and weight were measured and tissue collected for analyses.RESULTS: On day 7, saline and FE-treated piglets were healthy and gained equivalent weight (P = 0.12). Compared with saline piglets, FE-treated piglets had lower fecal fat (P = 0.043) and energy (P = 0.043) losses and exhibited intestinal lengthening (P = 0.001), greater small-intestinal weight (P = 0.004), longer villus height (P = 0.027), and greater crypt depth (P = 0.054).CONCLUSIONS: The subcutaneous GLP-2 analogue, FE, enhanced intestinal adaptation in a neonatal model of SBS without ileum. The observed intestinal lengthening with FE treatment was unique compared with our prior experience with native GLP-2 in this same model and has important clinical implications for treating neonatal SBS. At this developmental stage, growth in the intestine, if augmented, could accelerate weaning from parenteral nutrition.",
author = "Slim, {George M} and Marihan Lansing and Pamela Wizzard and Nation, {Patrick N} and Wheeler, {Sarah E} and Brubaker, {Patricia L} and Jeppesen, {Palle B} and Wales, {Paul W} and Turner, {Justine M}",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1002/jpen.1500",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "891--898",
journal = "Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition",
issn = "0148-6071",
publisher = "Sage Science Press (US)",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Novel Long-Acting GLP-2 Analogue, FE 203799 (Apraglutide), Enhances Adaptation and Linear Intestinal Growth in a Neonatal Piglet Model of Short Bowel Syndrome with Total Resection of the Ileum

AU - Slim, George M

AU - Lansing, Marihan

AU - Wizzard, Pamela

AU - Nation, Patrick N

AU - Wheeler, Sarah E

AU - Brubaker, Patricia L

AU - Jeppesen, Palle B

AU - Wales, Paul W

AU - Turner, Justine M

N1 - © 2018 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is an intestinotrophic factor released from L-cells in the ileum, a segment commonly resected or atretic in neonatal short bowel syndrome (SBS). In piglets, ileal resection decreases intestinal adaptation and endogenous GLP-2 production, whereas exogenous replacement promotes adaptation. In this study, we determined the effect of a novel long-acting GLP-2 analogue, FE 203799 (FE; apraglutide), upon intestinal growth, adaptation, and function in neonatal SBS piglets without ileum.METHODS: Neonatal piglets were randomized to saline (n = 10) vs FE treatment (n = 8). All piglets underwent 75% intestinal resection with jejunocolic anastomosis and were pair-fed parenteral and enteral nutrition. Saline and FE (5 mg/kg) treatments were administered subcutaneously on days 0 and 4. On day 6, 24-hour fecal samples were collected for subsequent nutrient analysis. On day 7, small-intestinal length and weight were measured and tissue collected for analyses.RESULTS: On day 7, saline and FE-treated piglets were healthy and gained equivalent weight (P = 0.12). Compared with saline piglets, FE-treated piglets had lower fecal fat (P = 0.043) and energy (P = 0.043) losses and exhibited intestinal lengthening (P = 0.001), greater small-intestinal weight (P = 0.004), longer villus height (P = 0.027), and greater crypt depth (P = 0.054).CONCLUSIONS: The subcutaneous GLP-2 analogue, FE, enhanced intestinal adaptation in a neonatal model of SBS without ileum. The observed intestinal lengthening with FE treatment was unique compared with our prior experience with native GLP-2 in this same model and has important clinical implications for treating neonatal SBS. At this developmental stage, growth in the intestine, if augmented, could accelerate weaning from parenteral nutrition.

AB - BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is an intestinotrophic factor released from L-cells in the ileum, a segment commonly resected or atretic in neonatal short bowel syndrome (SBS). In piglets, ileal resection decreases intestinal adaptation and endogenous GLP-2 production, whereas exogenous replacement promotes adaptation. In this study, we determined the effect of a novel long-acting GLP-2 analogue, FE 203799 (FE; apraglutide), upon intestinal growth, adaptation, and function in neonatal SBS piglets without ileum.METHODS: Neonatal piglets were randomized to saline (n = 10) vs FE treatment (n = 8). All piglets underwent 75% intestinal resection with jejunocolic anastomosis and were pair-fed parenteral and enteral nutrition. Saline and FE (5 mg/kg) treatments were administered subcutaneously on days 0 and 4. On day 6, 24-hour fecal samples were collected for subsequent nutrient analysis. On day 7, small-intestinal length and weight were measured and tissue collected for analyses.RESULTS: On day 7, saline and FE-treated piglets were healthy and gained equivalent weight (P = 0.12). Compared with saline piglets, FE-treated piglets had lower fecal fat (P = 0.043) and energy (P = 0.043) losses and exhibited intestinal lengthening (P = 0.001), greater small-intestinal weight (P = 0.004), longer villus height (P = 0.027), and greater crypt depth (P = 0.054).CONCLUSIONS: The subcutaneous GLP-2 analogue, FE, enhanced intestinal adaptation in a neonatal model of SBS without ileum. The observed intestinal lengthening with FE treatment was unique compared with our prior experience with native GLP-2 in this same model and has important clinical implications for treating neonatal SBS. At this developmental stage, growth in the intestine, if augmented, could accelerate weaning from parenteral nutrition.

U2 - 10.1002/jpen.1500

DO - 10.1002/jpen.1500

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 891

EP - 898

JO - Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

JF - Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

SN - 0148-6071

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 59434754