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Manogepix (APX001A) Displays Potent In Vitro Activity against Human Pathogenic Yeast, but with an Unexpected Correlation to Fluconazole MICs

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Manogepix (APX001A) is the active moiety of the novel drug candidate fosmanogepix (APX001). We previously reported the broad-spectrum activity of manogepix but also observed a correlation between increased manogepix and fluconazole MICs. Here, we extended this study and included isolates with acquired fluconazole resistance. Isolates (n = 835) were identified using CHROMagar, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), and, when needed, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing. EUCAST E.Def 7.3.1 susceptibility testing included manogepix, amphotericin B, anidulafungin, micafungin, fluconazole, and voriconazole. Manogepix wild-type-upper-limit (WT-UL) values were established following EUCAST principles for the epidemiological cutoff value (ECOFF) setting allowing wild-type/non-wild-type classification. Drug-specific MIC correlations were investigated using Pearson's correlation. Manogepix modal MICs were low (range, 0.004 to 0.06 mg/liter against 16/20 included species). Exceptions were Candida krusei and Candida inconspicua and, to a lesser extent, Candida kefyr and Pichia kluyveri The activity was independent of Fks echinocandin hot spot alterations (n = 17). Adopting the WT-UL established for Candida albicans, Candida dubliniensis, Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis, and Candida tropicalis, 14/724 (1.9%) isolates were non-wild type for manogepix. Twelve of these (85.7%) were also non-wild type for fluconazole. A statistically significant correlation was observed between manogepix and fluconazole MICs for C. albicans, C. dubliniensis, C. glabrata, C. parapsilosis, and C. tropicalis (Pearson's r = 0.401 to 0.575) but not between manogepix and micafungin or amphotericin B MICs for any species except C. tropicalis (r = 0.519 for manogepix versus micafungin). Broad-spectrum activity was confirmed for manogepix against contemporary yeast. However, a 1 to 4 2-fold dilutions increase in manogepix MICs is observed in a subset of isolates with acquired fluconazole resistance. Further studies on the potential underlying mechanism and implication for optimal dosing are warranted.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Vol/bind64
Udgave nummer7
ISSN0066-4804
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 23 jun. 2020

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2020 American Society for Microbiology.

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