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Rigshospitalet - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Lung volume reduction surgery as salvage procedure after previous use of endobronchial valves

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

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Vis graf over relationer

OBJECTIVES: Lung volume reduction (LVR) is an efficient and approved treatment for selected emphysema patients. There is some evidence that repeated LVR surgery (LVRS) might be beneficial, but there are no current data on LVRS after unsuccessful bronchoscopic LVR (BLVR) with endobronchial valves (EBVs). We hypothesize good outcome of LVRS after BLVR with valves.

METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively investigated all patients who underwent LVRS between 2015 and 2019 at 2 centres after previous unsuccessful EBV treatment. They were further divided into subgroups with patients who never achieved the intended improvement after BLVR (primary failure) and patients whose benefit was fading over time due to the natural development of emphysema (secondary failure). Patients with severe air leak after BLVR and immediate concomitant LVRS and fistula closure thereafter were analysed separately.

RESULTS: A total of 38 patients were included. Of these, 19 patients had primary failure, 15 secondary failure and 4 were treated as an emergency due to severe air leak. At 3 months after LVRS, forced expiratory volume in 1 s had improved significantly by 12.5% (P = 0.011) and there was no 90-day mortality. Considering subgroups, patients with primary failure after BLVR seem to profit more than those with secondary failure. Patients with severe air leak after BLVR did not profit from fistula closure with concomitant LVRS.

CONCLUSIONS: LVRS after previous BLVR with EBVs can provide significant clinical improvement with low morbidity, although results might not be as good as after primary LVRS.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)263-269
Antal sider7
ISSN1569-9293
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 22 jan. 2021

Bibliografisk note

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

ID: 62069682