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Long-term employment, education, and healthcare costs of childhood and adolescent onset of epilepsy

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Jennum, Poul ; Debes, Nanette Marinette Monique ; Ibsen, Rikke ; Kjellberg, Jakob. / Long-term employment, education, and healthcare costs of childhood and adolescent onset of epilepsy. I: Epilepsy and Behavior. 2021 ; Bind 114, Nr. Pt A. s. 107256.

Bibtex

@article{016a0e90afe34119b57f14b838444d52,
title = "Long-term employment, education, and healthcare costs of childhood and adolescent onset of epilepsy",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Childhood- and adolescent-onset epilepsy may have a significant impact on long-term educational and vocational status, which in turn has consequences for individuals' socioeconomic status. We estimated the factual long-term socioeconomic consequences and healthcare costs of individuals with diagnosed epilepsy.METHODS: The prospective cohort study included Danish individuals with epilepsy onset before the age of 18 years, diagnosed between 2002 and 2016. Healthcare costs and socioeconomic data were obtained from nationwide administrative and health registers. The prediction was made with a general estimating equation (GEE). A total of 15,329 individuals were found with the diagnosis during this period and were followed until the age of 30 years. These were compared with 31,414 controls. We used 30 years as this represent an age where most has finalized their education, and as such represent the final educational level. Patients and their controls were subdivided into debut age groups of 0-5 and 6-18 years. Individuals were matched for age, gender, and residential location.RESULTS: Compared with control groups, patients with epilepsy at the age of 30 years tended to have the following: 1) parents with lower educational attainment; 2) a significantly lower educational level when controlling for parental education attainment; 3) lower grade-point averages; 4) a lower probability of being in employment and lower income, even when transfer payments were considered; and 5) elevated healthcare costs, including those for psychiatric care. It was also noted that the long-term educational consequences for patients with epilepsy were associated with parental educational level. Differences were more pronounced for those with early (0-5 years) rather than later (6-18 years) onset epilepsy.CONCLUSIONS: Epilepsy is associated with severe long-term socioeconomic consequences: lower educational level, school grades, employment status, and earned income. The presence of epilepsy is associated with parental educational level.LIMITATIONS: SIGNIFICANT OUTCOMES.",
keywords = "Children, Direct and indirect costs, Education, Epilepsy, Parents, Social welfare",
author = "Poul Jennum and Debes, {Nanette Marinette Monique} and Rikke Ibsen and Jakob Kjellberg",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107256",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
pages = "107256",
journal = "Epilepsy and Behavior",
issn = "1525-5050",
publisher = "Academic Press",
number = "Pt A",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-term employment, education, and healthcare costs of childhood and adolescent onset of epilepsy

AU - Jennum, Poul

AU - Debes, Nanette Marinette Monique

AU - Ibsen, Rikke

AU - Kjellberg, Jakob

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/1

Y1 - 2021/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Childhood- and adolescent-onset epilepsy may have a significant impact on long-term educational and vocational status, which in turn has consequences for individuals' socioeconomic status. We estimated the factual long-term socioeconomic consequences and healthcare costs of individuals with diagnosed epilepsy.METHODS: The prospective cohort study included Danish individuals with epilepsy onset before the age of 18 years, diagnosed between 2002 and 2016. Healthcare costs and socioeconomic data were obtained from nationwide administrative and health registers. The prediction was made with a general estimating equation (GEE). A total of 15,329 individuals were found with the diagnosis during this period and were followed until the age of 30 years. These were compared with 31,414 controls. We used 30 years as this represent an age where most has finalized their education, and as such represent the final educational level. Patients and their controls were subdivided into debut age groups of 0-5 and 6-18 years. Individuals were matched for age, gender, and residential location.RESULTS: Compared with control groups, patients with epilepsy at the age of 30 years tended to have the following: 1) parents with lower educational attainment; 2) a significantly lower educational level when controlling for parental education attainment; 3) lower grade-point averages; 4) a lower probability of being in employment and lower income, even when transfer payments were considered; and 5) elevated healthcare costs, including those for psychiatric care. It was also noted that the long-term educational consequences for patients with epilepsy were associated with parental educational level. Differences were more pronounced for those with early (0-5 years) rather than later (6-18 years) onset epilepsy.CONCLUSIONS: Epilepsy is associated with severe long-term socioeconomic consequences: lower educational level, school grades, employment status, and earned income. The presence of epilepsy is associated with parental educational level.LIMITATIONS: SIGNIFICANT OUTCOMES.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Childhood- and adolescent-onset epilepsy may have a significant impact on long-term educational and vocational status, which in turn has consequences for individuals' socioeconomic status. We estimated the factual long-term socioeconomic consequences and healthcare costs of individuals with diagnosed epilepsy.METHODS: The prospective cohort study included Danish individuals with epilepsy onset before the age of 18 years, diagnosed between 2002 and 2016. Healthcare costs and socioeconomic data were obtained from nationwide administrative and health registers. The prediction was made with a general estimating equation (GEE). A total of 15,329 individuals were found with the diagnosis during this period and were followed until the age of 30 years. These were compared with 31,414 controls. We used 30 years as this represent an age where most has finalized their education, and as such represent the final educational level. Patients and their controls were subdivided into debut age groups of 0-5 and 6-18 years. Individuals were matched for age, gender, and residential location.RESULTS: Compared with control groups, patients with epilepsy at the age of 30 years tended to have the following: 1) parents with lower educational attainment; 2) a significantly lower educational level when controlling for parental education attainment; 3) lower grade-point averages; 4) a lower probability of being in employment and lower income, even when transfer payments were considered; and 5) elevated healthcare costs, including those for psychiatric care. It was also noted that the long-term educational consequences for patients with epilepsy were associated with parental educational level. Differences were more pronounced for those with early (0-5 years) rather than later (6-18 years) onset epilepsy.CONCLUSIONS: Epilepsy is associated with severe long-term socioeconomic consequences: lower educational level, school grades, employment status, and earned income. The presence of epilepsy is associated with parental educational level.LIMITATIONS: SIGNIFICANT OUTCOMES.

KW - Children

KW - Direct and indirect costs

KW - Education

KW - Epilepsy

KW - Parents

KW - Social welfare

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087373688&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107256

DO - 10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107256

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32622728

VL - 114

SP - 107256

JO - Epilepsy and Behavior

JF - Epilepsy and Behavior

SN - 1525-5050

IS - Pt A

M1 - 107256

ER -

ID: 61830224