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Interactions of opsonized immune complexes with whole blood cells: binding to erythrocytes restricts complex uptake by leucocyte populations

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The binding of opsonized, fluorescein-labelled bovine serum albumin (BSA)/rabbit anti-BSA complexes (IC) to washed human whole blood cells and isolated leucocytes in the presence of autologous serum was investigated by flow cytometry. In the presence of erythrocytes (E), the IC-binding to granulocytes (PMN), monocytes and lymphocytes was inhibited by up to 46%, 61% and 48%, respectively, depending on the incubation time and the IC-concentration tested. The E-mediated inhibition of the binding to PMN was found to correlate with the average numbers of CR1 per E during the initial 15 min of incubation. Thereafter, the difference between IC binding to PMN in absence and presence of E, decreased in accordance with decreasing binding to E. IC-uptake by PMN induced a drop in side-scatter characteristics, attributable to degranulation, which could be prevented by the presence of E. In contrast to the findings for PMN, the difference between IC-binding to monocytes in the absence and presence of E increased progressively over the 90 min observation period, suggesting that different mechanisms are involved in the late-phase IC uptake by monocytes and PMN. Lymphocytes were heterogeneous with respect to IC binding, the main contributors being B cells. E initially inhibited and then later enhanced the IC binding to lymphocytes, suggesting that E promote B cell uptake of C3d,g-covered IC via CR2. Our findings, that E can restrict the IC uptake by circulating leucocytes, and that an IC-induced degranulation of PMN may be prevented by E, indicate that E may act as a high capacity buffer limiting inappropriate activation of phagocytes by circulating IC.
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)228-36
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 1 aug. 1994

ID: 31053657