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Independent Associations of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha and Interleukin-1 Beta With Radiographic Emphysema in People Living With HIV

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  1. Host Genetics and Antiviral Immune Responses in Adult Patients With Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome

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Background: People living with HIV (PLWH) have increased systemic inflammation, and inflammation has been suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of emphysema. We investigated whether elevated cytokine concentrations (interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA), IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), interferon-gamma (IFNγ), soluble CD14 (sCD14) and sCD163 were independently associated with radiographic emphysema in PLWH. Methods: We included PLWH from the Copenhagen Comorbidity in HIV Infection (COCOMO) Study without hepatitis B and C co-infection and with a plasma sample and a chest computed tomography scan available. Emphysema plus trace emphysema was defined as the percentage of low attenuation area under −950 Houndsfield Unit (%LAA-950) using a cut-off at 5%. Cytokine concentrations were measured by ELISA or Luminex immunoassays. An elevated cytokine concentration was defined as above the 75 th percentile. Results: Of 783 PLWH, 147 (18.8%) had emphysema. PLWH were predominantly male (86.0%) and 743 (94.9%) had undetectable viral replication. PLWH with emphysema had higher concentrations of TNFα (median (IQR): 8.2 (6.4-9.8) versus 7.1 (5.7-8.6) pg/ml, p<0.001), IL-1β (0.21 (0.1-0.4) versus 0.17 (0.1-0.3) pg/ml, p=0.004) and IL-6 (3.6 (2.6-4.9) versus 3.1 (2.0-4.3) pg/ml, p=0.023) than PLWH without. In a logistic regression model adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, smoking status, BMI and CD4 nadir, elevated TNFα (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.78 [95%CI: 1.14-2.76], p=0.011) and IL-1β (aOR: 1.81 [95%CI: 1.16-2.81], p=0.009) were independently associated with emphysema. The association between IL-1β and emphysema was modified by smoking (p-interaction=0.020) with a more pronounced association in never-smokers (aOR: 4.53 [95%CI: 2.05-9.98], p<0.001). Conclusion: Two markers of systemic inflammation, TNFα and IL-1β, were independently associated with emphysema in PLWH and may contribute to the pathogenesis of emphysema. Importantly, the effect of IL-1β seems to be mediated through pathways that are independent of excessive smoking. Clinical Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov, identifier NCT02382822.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer668113
TidsskriftFrontiers in Immunology
Vol/bind12
Sider (fra-til)668113
ISSN1664-3224
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 14 apr. 2021

ID: 65429103