Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Rigshospitalet - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Increased risk of ALL among premature infants is not explained by increased prevalence of pre-leukemic cell clones

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{2b6db1d22e064924b01f1e78a08b68d6,
title = "Increased risk of ALL among premature infants is not explained by increased prevalence of pre-leukemic cell clones",
abstract = "The multi-hit hypothesis for paediatric leukemogenesis states that an initial genetic hit (often occurring prenataly) must be followed by one or more hit(s) before a cell become leukeamic. Studies have demonstrated the presence of pre-leukaemic t(12;21)-positive cells at levels 10(-3) to 10(-4) in 1% of newborns (i.e. 100-fold their risk of t(12;21)-positive ALL), but only at levels of 10(-5) to 10(-6) in 0.5% adults. As the risk of developing ALL is inversely associated to the gestational age at birth, we investigated if this increased risk could be explained by an increase in prevalence and quantity of pre-leukaemic t(12;21)-positive children born prematurely. Using a sensitive qRT-PCR assay, we screened messenger RNA from fresh umbilical cord-blood samples from 256 premature children. In none of the neonates, t(12;21)-positive cells could be demonstrated. Therefore, no increase in the prevalence and magnitude of preleukaemic t(12;21)-positive cells compared to previously published data from mature children could be demonstrated. This indirectly supports the theory that prevalence and quantity of preleukaemic t(12;21)-positive cells peaks at term or early childhood and that exogenous factors are necessary to initiate their clearance.",
author = "Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen and Madsen, {Hans O.} and Vestergaard, {Therese Risom} and Henrik Hjalgrim and Ane Lando and Kjeld Schmiegelow",
note = "2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2010",
month = mar,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.bcmd.2009.12.007",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "188--90",
journal = "Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases",
issn = "1079-9796",
publisher = "Academic Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increased risk of ALL among premature infants is not explained by increased prevalence of pre-leukemic cell clones

AU - Lausten-Thomsen, Ulrik

AU - Madsen, Hans O.

AU - Vestergaard, Therese Risom

AU - Hjalgrim, Henrik

AU - Lando, Ane

AU - Schmiegelow, Kjeld

N1 - 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2010/3/15

Y1 - 2010/3/15

N2 - The multi-hit hypothesis for paediatric leukemogenesis states that an initial genetic hit (often occurring prenataly) must be followed by one or more hit(s) before a cell become leukeamic. Studies have demonstrated the presence of pre-leukaemic t(12;21)-positive cells at levels 10(-3) to 10(-4) in 1% of newborns (i.e. 100-fold their risk of t(12;21)-positive ALL), but only at levels of 10(-5) to 10(-6) in 0.5% adults. As the risk of developing ALL is inversely associated to the gestational age at birth, we investigated if this increased risk could be explained by an increase in prevalence and quantity of pre-leukaemic t(12;21)-positive children born prematurely. Using a sensitive qRT-PCR assay, we screened messenger RNA from fresh umbilical cord-blood samples from 256 premature children. In none of the neonates, t(12;21)-positive cells could be demonstrated. Therefore, no increase in the prevalence and magnitude of preleukaemic t(12;21)-positive cells compared to previously published data from mature children could be demonstrated. This indirectly supports the theory that prevalence and quantity of preleukaemic t(12;21)-positive cells peaks at term or early childhood and that exogenous factors are necessary to initiate their clearance.

AB - The multi-hit hypothesis for paediatric leukemogenesis states that an initial genetic hit (often occurring prenataly) must be followed by one or more hit(s) before a cell become leukeamic. Studies have demonstrated the presence of pre-leukaemic t(12;21)-positive cells at levels 10(-3) to 10(-4) in 1% of newborns (i.e. 100-fold their risk of t(12;21)-positive ALL), but only at levels of 10(-5) to 10(-6) in 0.5% adults. As the risk of developing ALL is inversely associated to the gestational age at birth, we investigated if this increased risk could be explained by an increase in prevalence and quantity of pre-leukaemic t(12;21)-positive children born prematurely. Using a sensitive qRT-PCR assay, we screened messenger RNA from fresh umbilical cord-blood samples from 256 premature children. In none of the neonates, t(12;21)-positive cells could be demonstrated. Therefore, no increase in the prevalence and magnitude of preleukaemic t(12;21)-positive cells compared to previously published data from mature children could be demonstrated. This indirectly supports the theory that prevalence and quantity of preleukaemic t(12;21)-positive cells peaks at term or early childhood and that exogenous factors are necessary to initiate their clearance.

U2 - 10.1016/j.bcmd.2009.12.007

DO - 10.1016/j.bcmd.2009.12.007

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20079669

VL - 44

SP - 188

EP - 190

JO - Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases

JF - Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases

SN - 1079-9796

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 31036165