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Impact of Glucose Level on Micro- and Macrovascular Disease in the General Population: A Mendelian Randomization Study

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@article{f0e4aeeb6bd24a83829d896c5fb352f7,
title = "Impact of Glucose Level on Micro- and Macrovascular Disease in the General Population: A Mendelian Randomization Study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether high glucose levels in the normoglycemic range and higher have a causal genetic effect on risk of retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, chronic kidney disease (CKD), peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and myocardial infarction (MI; positive control) in the general population.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study applied observational and one-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses to individual-level data from 117,193 Danish individuals, and validation by two-sample MR analyses on summary-level data from 133,010 individuals from the Meta-Analyses of Glucose and Insulin-Related Traits Consortium (MAGIC), 117,165 from the CKDGen Consortium, and 452,264 from the UK Biobank.RESULTS: Observationally, glucose levels in the normoglycemic range and higher were associated with high risks of retinopathy, neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, PAD, and MI (all P for trend <0.001). In genetic causal analyses, the risk ratio for a 1 mmol/L higher glucose level was 2.01 (95% CI 1.18-3.41) for retinopathy, 2.15 (1.38-3.35) for neuropathy, 1.58 (1.04-2.40) for diabetic nephropathy, 0.97 (0.84-1.12) for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, 1.19 (0.90-1.58) for PAD, and 1.49 (1.02-2.17) for MI. Summary-level data from the MAGIC, the CKDGen Consortium, and the UK Biobank gave a genetic risk ratio of 4.55 (95% CI 2.26-9.15) for retinopathy, 1.48 (0.83-2.66) for peripheral neuropathy, 0.98 (0.94-1.01) for eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and 1.23 (0.57-2.67) for PAD per 1 mmol/L higher glucose level.CONCLUSIONS: Glucose levels in the normoglycemic range and higher were prospectively associated with a high risk of retinopathy, neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, PAD, and MI. These associations were confirmed in genetic causal analyses for retinopathy, neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, and MI, but they could not be confirmed for PAD and seemed to be refuted for eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2.",
author = "Frida Emanuelsson and Sarah Marott and Anne Tybj{\ae}rg-Hansen and Nordestgaard, {B{\o}rge G} and Marianne Benn",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2020 by the American Diabetes Association.",
year = "2020",
month = apr,
doi = "10.2337/dc19-1850",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "894--902",
journal = "Diabetes Care",
issn = "1935-5548",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of Glucose Level on Micro- and Macrovascular Disease in the General Population

T2 - A Mendelian Randomization Study

AU - Emanuelsson, Frida

AU - Marott, Sarah

AU - Tybjærg-Hansen, Anne

AU - Nordestgaard, Børge G

AU - Benn, Marianne

N1 - © 2020 by the American Diabetes Association.

PY - 2020/4

Y1 - 2020/4

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether high glucose levels in the normoglycemic range and higher have a causal genetic effect on risk of retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, chronic kidney disease (CKD), peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and myocardial infarction (MI; positive control) in the general population.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study applied observational and one-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses to individual-level data from 117,193 Danish individuals, and validation by two-sample MR analyses on summary-level data from 133,010 individuals from the Meta-Analyses of Glucose and Insulin-Related Traits Consortium (MAGIC), 117,165 from the CKDGen Consortium, and 452,264 from the UK Biobank.RESULTS: Observationally, glucose levels in the normoglycemic range and higher were associated with high risks of retinopathy, neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, PAD, and MI (all P for trend <0.001). In genetic causal analyses, the risk ratio for a 1 mmol/L higher glucose level was 2.01 (95% CI 1.18-3.41) for retinopathy, 2.15 (1.38-3.35) for neuropathy, 1.58 (1.04-2.40) for diabetic nephropathy, 0.97 (0.84-1.12) for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, 1.19 (0.90-1.58) for PAD, and 1.49 (1.02-2.17) for MI. Summary-level data from the MAGIC, the CKDGen Consortium, and the UK Biobank gave a genetic risk ratio of 4.55 (95% CI 2.26-9.15) for retinopathy, 1.48 (0.83-2.66) for peripheral neuropathy, 0.98 (0.94-1.01) for eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and 1.23 (0.57-2.67) for PAD per 1 mmol/L higher glucose level.CONCLUSIONS: Glucose levels in the normoglycemic range and higher were prospectively associated with a high risk of retinopathy, neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, PAD, and MI. These associations were confirmed in genetic causal analyses for retinopathy, neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, and MI, but they could not be confirmed for PAD and seemed to be refuted for eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether high glucose levels in the normoglycemic range and higher have a causal genetic effect on risk of retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, chronic kidney disease (CKD), peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and myocardial infarction (MI; positive control) in the general population.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study applied observational and one-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses to individual-level data from 117,193 Danish individuals, and validation by two-sample MR analyses on summary-level data from 133,010 individuals from the Meta-Analyses of Glucose and Insulin-Related Traits Consortium (MAGIC), 117,165 from the CKDGen Consortium, and 452,264 from the UK Biobank.RESULTS: Observationally, glucose levels in the normoglycemic range and higher were associated with high risks of retinopathy, neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, PAD, and MI (all P for trend <0.001). In genetic causal analyses, the risk ratio for a 1 mmol/L higher glucose level was 2.01 (95% CI 1.18-3.41) for retinopathy, 2.15 (1.38-3.35) for neuropathy, 1.58 (1.04-2.40) for diabetic nephropathy, 0.97 (0.84-1.12) for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, 1.19 (0.90-1.58) for PAD, and 1.49 (1.02-2.17) for MI. Summary-level data from the MAGIC, the CKDGen Consortium, and the UK Biobank gave a genetic risk ratio of 4.55 (95% CI 2.26-9.15) for retinopathy, 1.48 (0.83-2.66) for peripheral neuropathy, 0.98 (0.94-1.01) for eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and 1.23 (0.57-2.67) for PAD per 1 mmol/L higher glucose level.CONCLUSIONS: Glucose levels in the normoglycemic range and higher were prospectively associated with a high risk of retinopathy, neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, PAD, and MI. These associations were confirmed in genetic causal analyses for retinopathy, neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, and MI, but they could not be confirmed for PAD and seemed to be refuted for eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2.

U2 - 10.2337/dc19-1850

DO - 10.2337/dc19-1850

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32054721

VL - 43

SP - 894

EP - 902

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 1935-5548

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 59349166