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Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep Quality, Stress Level and Health-Related Quality of Life-A Large Prospective Cohort Study on Adult Danes

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@article{2400518d02834d1991a80e846858cf69,
title = "Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep Quality, Stress Level and Health-Related Quality of Life-A Large Prospective Cohort Study on Adult Danes",
abstract = "The everyday lives of Danish inhabitants have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, e.g., by social distancing, which was employed by the government in March 2020 to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, the pandemic has entailed economic consequences for many people. This study aims to assess changes in physical and mental health-related quality of life (MCS, PCS), in stress levels, and quality of sleep during the COVID-19 pandemic and to identify factors that impact such changes, using a prospective national cohort study including 26,453 participants from the Danish Blood Donor Study who answered a health questionnaire before the pandemic and during the pandemic. Descriptive statistics, multivariable linear and multinomial logistic regression analyses were applied. A worsening of MCS and quality of sleep was found, and an overall decrease in stress levels was observed. PCS was decreased in men and slightly increased in women. The extent of health changes was mainly affected by changes in job situation, type of job, previous use of anti-depressive medication and the participants' level of personal stamina. Thus, living under the unusual circumstances that persisted during the COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on the health of the general population. This may, in time, constitute a public health problem.",
keywords = "Adult, COVID-19, Cohort Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Denmark/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Male, Pandemics, Prospective Studies, Quality of Life, SARS-CoV-2, Sleep, mental health, pandemic, sleep, epidemiology, public health",
author = "Maria Didriksen and Thomas Werge and Janna Nissen and Michael Schwinn and Erik S{\o}rensen and Nielsen, {Kaspar R} and Bruun, {Mie T} and Karina Banasik and Hansen, {Thomas F} and Christian Erikstrup and Ostrowski, {Sisse R} and Jennum, {Poul J} and Henrik Hjalgrim and Henrik Ullum and Pedersen, {Ole B}",
year = "2021",
month = jul,
day = "17",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph18147610",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "14",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep Quality, Stress Level and Health-Related Quality of Life-A Large Prospective Cohort Study on Adult Danes

AU - Didriksen, Maria

AU - Werge, Thomas

AU - Nissen, Janna

AU - Schwinn, Michael

AU - Sørensen, Erik

AU - Nielsen, Kaspar R

AU - Bruun, Mie T

AU - Banasik, Karina

AU - Hansen, Thomas F

AU - Erikstrup, Christian

AU - Ostrowski, Sisse R

AU - Jennum, Poul J

AU - Hjalgrim, Henrik

AU - Ullum, Henrik

AU - Pedersen, Ole B

PY - 2021/7/17

Y1 - 2021/7/17

N2 - The everyday lives of Danish inhabitants have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, e.g., by social distancing, which was employed by the government in March 2020 to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, the pandemic has entailed economic consequences for many people. This study aims to assess changes in physical and mental health-related quality of life (MCS, PCS), in stress levels, and quality of sleep during the COVID-19 pandemic and to identify factors that impact such changes, using a prospective national cohort study including 26,453 participants from the Danish Blood Donor Study who answered a health questionnaire before the pandemic and during the pandemic. Descriptive statistics, multivariable linear and multinomial logistic regression analyses were applied. A worsening of MCS and quality of sleep was found, and an overall decrease in stress levels was observed. PCS was decreased in men and slightly increased in women. The extent of health changes was mainly affected by changes in job situation, type of job, previous use of anti-depressive medication and the participants' level of personal stamina. Thus, living under the unusual circumstances that persisted during the COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on the health of the general population. This may, in time, constitute a public health problem.

AB - The everyday lives of Danish inhabitants have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, e.g., by social distancing, which was employed by the government in March 2020 to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, the pandemic has entailed economic consequences for many people. This study aims to assess changes in physical and mental health-related quality of life (MCS, PCS), in stress levels, and quality of sleep during the COVID-19 pandemic and to identify factors that impact such changes, using a prospective national cohort study including 26,453 participants from the Danish Blood Donor Study who answered a health questionnaire before the pandemic and during the pandemic. Descriptive statistics, multivariable linear and multinomial logistic regression analyses were applied. A worsening of MCS and quality of sleep was found, and an overall decrease in stress levels was observed. PCS was decreased in men and slightly increased in women. The extent of health changes was mainly affected by changes in job situation, type of job, previous use of anti-depressive medication and the participants' level of personal stamina. Thus, living under the unusual circumstances that persisted during the COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on the health of the general population. This may, in time, constitute a public health problem.

KW - Adult

KW - COVID-19

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Denmark/epidemiology

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Pandemics

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Quality of Life

KW - SARS-CoV-2

KW - Sleep

KW - mental health

KW - pandemic

KW - sleep

KW - epidemiology

KW - public health

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85112483671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph18147610

DO - 10.3390/ijerph18147610

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34300061

VL - 18

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 14

ER -

ID: 67621968