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Higher protein diets consumed ad libitum improve cardiovascular risk markers in children of overweight parents from eight European countries

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

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  • Camilla Trab Damsgaard
  • Angeliki Papadaki
  • Signe M Jensen
  • Christian Ritz
  • Stine-Mathilde Dalskov
  • Petr Hlavaty
  • Wim H M Saris
  • J Alfredo Martinez
  • Teodora Handjieva-Darlenska
  • Malene R Andersen
  • Steen Stender
  • Thomas Larsen
  • Arne Astrup
  • Christian Mølgaard
  • Kim F Michaelsen
  • Diogenes
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Dietary strategies to improve early cardiovascular markers in overweight children are needed. We investigated the effect of dietary protein and glycemic index (GI) on cardiovascular markers and metabolic syndrome (MetS) scores in 5- to 18-y-old children of overweight/obese parents from 8 European centers. Families were randomized to 1 of 5 diets consumed ad libitum: high protein (HP) or low protein (LP) combined with high GI (HGI) or low GI (LGI), or a control diet. At 6 centers, families received dietary instruction (instruction centers); at 2 centers, free foods were also provided (supermarket centers). Diet, anthropometry, blood pressure, and serum cardiovascular markers (lipid profile, glucose regulation, and inflammation) were measured in 253 children at baseline, 1 mo, and/or 6 mo. Protein intake was higher in the HP groups (19.9 ± 1.3% energy) than in the LP groups at 6 mo (16.8 ± 1.2% energy) (P = 0.001). The GI was 4.0 points lower (95% CI: 2.1, 6.1) in the LGI compared with the HGI groups (P
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Nutrition
Vol/bind143
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)810-7
Antal sider8
ISSN0022-3166
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2013

ID: 42246991