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Udgivet

Hemodynamic Determinants of Activity Measured by Accelerometer in Patients With Stable Heart Failure

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DOI

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  2. Prognostic Value of Peak Oxygen Uptake in Patients Supported With Left Ventricular Assist Devices (PRO-VAD)

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  3. Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist improves cardiac structure in Type 2 Diabetes: Data from the MIRAD Trial

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  4. Dapagliflozin in HFrEF Patients Treated With Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists: An Analysis of DAPA-HF

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  5. Effect of Dapagliflozin in Patients With HFrEF Treated With Sacubitril/Valsartan: The DAPA-HF Trial

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OBJECTIVES: This study examined the link between accelerometer recordings and cardiac pathophysiology measured with right heart cauterization at rest and with exercise in patients with HFrEF.

BACKGROUND: Patient-worn accelerometers are increasingly being used in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) to assess activity and serve as surrogate endpoints in heart failure trials.

METHODS: Physical average daily activity (PADA) and total average daily activity according to accelerometer units were assessed in 63 patients (mean age 58 ± 10 years; mean ejection fraction 26% ± 4%). Patients underwent hemodynamic exercise testing and accelerometry. Patients were divided according to PADA in PADALow and PADAHigh activity level groups based on median counts per minute of physical activity. Results Patients in the PADALow group were older and more frequently treated with diuretics. At rest, the PADALow group was characterized by a lower cardiac index (2.2 ± 0.4 L/min/m2 vs 2.4 ± 0.4 L/min/m2; P = 0.01) and stroke volume (70 ± 19 mL vs 81 ± 17 mL; P = 0.02) but not pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (12 ± 5 mm Hg vs 11 ± 5 mm Hg; P = 0.3). The PADALow group reached a lower cardiac index (4.8 ± 1.7 L/min/m2 vs 6.6 ± 1.7 L/min/m2; P < 0.001) but not in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (31 ± 12 mm Hg vs 27 ± 8 mm Hg; P = 0.2) at peak exercise. The attenuated increase was associated with an attenuated increase in stroke volume (94 ± 32 mL vs 121 ± 29 mL; P < 0.001) rather than a reduced increase in heart rate (42 ± 23 beats/min vs 52 ± 21 beats/min; P = 0.07). PADA and total average daily accelerometer units were associated with patient-reported functional impairment according to the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire but not with New York Heart Association functional class.

CONCLUSIONS: Among stable ambulatory patients with HFrEF, lower daily activity is associated with poorer cardiac index reserve and reduced cardiac index during exercise. (Empagliflozin in Heart Failure Patients With Reduced Ejection Fraction; NCT03198585).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJACC. Heart failure
Vol/bind9
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)824-835
Antal sider12
ISSN2213-1779
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2021 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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