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Udgivet

Endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in inhibited by in vivo depletion of vascular thiol levels: role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase

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Thiols like glutathione may serve as reducing cofactors in the production of nitric oxide (NO) and protect NO from inactivation by radical oxygen species. Depletion of thiol compounds reduces NO-mediated vascular effects in vitro and in vivo. The mechanisms underlying these actions are not clear, but may involve decreased synthesis of NO and/or increased degradation of NO. This study investigates the effect of glutathione depletion on the response to NO-mediated vasodilation induced by acetylcholine (Ach, 10 micrograms/kg), endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) activity and potential markers of vascular superoxide anion (O2.-) production in conscious chronically catheterized rats. Thiol depletion induced by buthionine sulfoximine (BSO, 1 g i.p. within 24 h) decreased the hypotensive effect of Ach by 30% (MAP reduction before BSO 27 +/- 3 mmHg, 19 +/- 3 mmHg after BSO, (mean +/- SEM), p < .05, n = 8). The impaired effect of Ach was associated with a significant reduction in eNOS activity (control: 7.7 +/- 0.8, BSO: 3.9 +/- 0.4 pmol/min/mg protein (p < .05), n = 6). In contrast, neither NADH/NADPH driven membrane-associated oxidases nor lucigenin reductase activity were significantly (p < .05) affected by BSO (BSO: 4415 +/- 123, control: 4105 +/- 455 counts/mg; n = 6) in rat aorta. It is concluded that in vivo thiol depletion results in endothelial dysfunction and a reduced receptor-mediated vascular relaxation. This effect is caused by reduced endothelial NO formation.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftFree Radical Research
Vol/bind35
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)387-94
Antal sider8
ISSN1071-5762
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2001

ID: 44933985