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Daily consumption for six weeks of a lignan complex isolated from flaxseed does not affect endothelial function in healthy postmenopausal women

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  • Jesper Hallund
  • Inge Tetens
  • Susanne Bügel
  • Tine Tholstrup
  • Marika Ferrari
  • Tom Teerlink
  • Andreas Kjaer
  • Niels Wiinberg
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The occurrence of menopause is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, and this has partly been attributed to the decline in circulating levels of estrogen. A lignan complex rich in the plant lignan secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) was isolated from flaxseed. SDG is metabolized by the colonic microflora to the mammalian lignans enterodiol and enterolactone and is hypothesized to be cardioprotective due to their structural similarity to estrogen. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a lignan complex, providing 500 mg/d of SDG, on markers of endothelial function. Healthy postmenopausal women (n = 22) completed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Women consumed daily a low-fat muffin, with or without a lignan complex, for 6 wk, separated by a 6-wk washout period. Flow-mediated, endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (FMD) and nitroglycerine-mediated, endothelium-independent vasodilatation were measured at the end of each intervention period. The sum of Plasma nitrite and nitrate (NOx), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) were measured at the beginning and end of each intervention period. FMD was 3.6 +/- 0.9% (mean +/- SEM) after the lignan complex intervention period compared with 3.9 +/- 0.7% after the placebo period (P = 0.72). Plasma concentrations of NOx, ET-1, and ADMA were not affected. We conclude that daily consumption for 6 wk of a low-fat muffin enriched with a lignan complex had no effect on endothelial function in healthy postmenopausal women.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Nutrition
Vol/bind136
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)2314-8
Antal sider5
ISSN0022-3166
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2006

ID: 55072453