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Combined Muscle Biopsy and Comprehensive Electrophysiology in General Anesthesia is Valuable in Diagnosis of Neuromuscular Disease in Children

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@article{98471c4ff63c484488bb71de29c72472,
title = "Combined Muscle Biopsy and Comprehensive Electrophysiology in General Anesthesia is Valuable in Diagnosis of Neuromuscular Disease in Children",
abstract = "AIM:  The diagnostic workup in patients with delayed motor milestones suspected of having either myopathy or a congenital myasthenic syndrome is complex. Our hypothesis was that performance of a muscle biopsy and neurophysiology including stimulated single-fiber electromyography during an anesthetic procedure, combined with genetic testing has a high diagnostic quality.MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Clinical and paraclinical data were retrospectively collected from 24 patients aged from 1 month to 10 years (median: 5.2 years).RESULTS:  Neurophysiology examination was performed in all patients and was abnormal in 11 of 24. No patients had findings suggestive of a myasthenic syndrome. Muscle biopsy was performed in 21 of 24 and was normal in 16. Diagnostic findings included nemaline rods, inclusion bodies, fiber size variability, and type-II fiber atrophy. Genetic testing with either a gene panel or exome sequencing was performed in 18 of 24 patients, with pathogenic variants detected in ACTA1, NEB, SELENON, GRIN2B, SCN8A, and COMP genes.CONCLUSION:  Results supporting a neuromuscular abnormality were found in 15 of 24. In six patients (25%), we confirmed a genetic diagnosis and 12 had a clinical neuromuscular diagnosis. The study suggests that combined use of neurophysiology and muscle biopsy in cases where genetic testing does not provide a diagnosis can be useful in children with delayed motor milestones and clinical evidence of a neuromuscular disease.",
keywords = "children, diagnostic yield, muscle biopsy, neuromuscular disorders, single fiber electromyography",
author = "Hoei-Hansen, {Christina E} and Tygesen, {Marie L B} and Morten Dun{\o} and John Vissing and Martin Ballegaard and Born, {Alfred P}",
note = "Thieme. All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
day = "11",
doi = "10.1055/s-0041-1726120",
language = "English",
journal = "Neuropediatrics",
issn = "0174-304X",
publisher = "Georg/Thieme Verlag",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Combined Muscle Biopsy and Comprehensive Electrophysiology in General Anesthesia is Valuable in Diagnosis of Neuromuscular Disease in Children

AU - Hoei-Hansen, Christina E

AU - Tygesen, Marie L B

AU - Dunø, Morten

AU - Vissing, John

AU - Ballegaard, Martin

AU - Born, Alfred P

N1 - Thieme. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/3/11

Y1 - 2021/3/11

N2 - AIM:  The diagnostic workup in patients with delayed motor milestones suspected of having either myopathy or a congenital myasthenic syndrome is complex. Our hypothesis was that performance of a muscle biopsy and neurophysiology including stimulated single-fiber electromyography during an anesthetic procedure, combined with genetic testing has a high diagnostic quality.MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Clinical and paraclinical data were retrospectively collected from 24 patients aged from 1 month to 10 years (median: 5.2 years).RESULTS:  Neurophysiology examination was performed in all patients and was abnormal in 11 of 24. No patients had findings suggestive of a myasthenic syndrome. Muscle biopsy was performed in 21 of 24 and was normal in 16. Diagnostic findings included nemaline rods, inclusion bodies, fiber size variability, and type-II fiber atrophy. Genetic testing with either a gene panel or exome sequencing was performed in 18 of 24 patients, with pathogenic variants detected in ACTA1, NEB, SELENON, GRIN2B, SCN8A, and COMP genes.CONCLUSION:  Results supporting a neuromuscular abnormality were found in 15 of 24. In six patients (25%), we confirmed a genetic diagnosis and 12 had a clinical neuromuscular diagnosis. The study suggests that combined use of neurophysiology and muscle biopsy in cases where genetic testing does not provide a diagnosis can be useful in children with delayed motor milestones and clinical evidence of a neuromuscular disease.

AB - AIM:  The diagnostic workup in patients with delayed motor milestones suspected of having either myopathy or a congenital myasthenic syndrome is complex. Our hypothesis was that performance of a muscle biopsy and neurophysiology including stimulated single-fiber electromyography during an anesthetic procedure, combined with genetic testing has a high diagnostic quality.MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Clinical and paraclinical data were retrospectively collected from 24 patients aged from 1 month to 10 years (median: 5.2 years).RESULTS:  Neurophysiology examination was performed in all patients and was abnormal in 11 of 24. No patients had findings suggestive of a myasthenic syndrome. Muscle biopsy was performed in 21 of 24 and was normal in 16. Diagnostic findings included nemaline rods, inclusion bodies, fiber size variability, and type-II fiber atrophy. Genetic testing with either a gene panel or exome sequencing was performed in 18 of 24 patients, with pathogenic variants detected in ACTA1, NEB, SELENON, GRIN2B, SCN8A, and COMP genes.CONCLUSION:  Results supporting a neuromuscular abnormality were found in 15 of 24. In six patients (25%), we confirmed a genetic diagnosis and 12 had a clinical neuromuscular diagnosis. The study suggests that combined use of neurophysiology and muscle biopsy in cases where genetic testing does not provide a diagnosis can be useful in children with delayed motor milestones and clinical evidence of a neuromuscular disease.

KW - children

KW - diagnostic yield

KW - muscle biopsy

KW - neuromuscular disorders

KW - single fiber electromyography

U2 - 10.1055/s-0041-1726120

DO - 10.1055/s-0041-1726120

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33706403

JO - Neuropediatrics

JF - Neuropediatrics

SN - 0174-304X

ER -

ID: 64276703