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Central 5-HT neurotransmission modulates weight loss following gastric bypass surgery in obese individuals

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Vis graf over relationer
The cerebral serotonin (5-HT) system shows distinct differences in obesity compared with the lean state. Here, it was investigated whether serotonergic neurotransmission in obesity is a stable trait or changes in association with weight loss induced by Roux-in-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. In vivo cerebral 5-HT2A receptor and 5-HT transporter binding was determined by positron emission tomography in 21 obese [four men; body mass index (BMI), 40.1 ± 4.1 kg/m2] and 10 lean (three men; BMI, 24.6 ± 1.5 kg/m2) individuals. Fourteen obese individuals were re-examined after RYGB surgery. First, it was confirmed that obese individuals have higher cerebral 5-HT2A receptor binding than lean individuals. Importantly, we found that higher presurgical 5-HT2A receptor binding predicted greater weight loss after RYGB and that the change in 5-HT2A receptor and 5-HT transporter binding correlated with weight loss after RYGB. The changes in the 5-HT neurotransmission before and after RYGB are in accordance with a model wherein the cerebral extracellular 5-HT level modulates the regulation of body weight. Our findings support that the cerebral 5-HT system contributes both to establish the obese condition and to regulate the body weight in response to RYGB.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Journal of Neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Vol/bind35
Udgave nummer14
Sider (fra-til)5884-9
Antal sider6
ISSN0270-6474
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 8 apr. 2015

ID: 45393147