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Antibiotic prescribing in paediatric inpatients in Ghana: a multi-centre point prevalence survey

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Harvard

Labi, A-K, Obeng-Nkrumah, N, Sunkwa-Mills, G, Bediako-Bowan, A, Akufo, C, Bjerrum, S, Owusu, E, Enweronu-Laryea, C, Opintan, JA, Kurtzhals, JAL & Newman, MJ 2018, 'Antibiotic prescribing in paediatric inpatients in Ghana: a multi-centre point prevalence survey' BMC Pediatrics, bind 18, nr. 1, s. 391-399. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1367-5

APA

Labi, A-K., Obeng-Nkrumah, N., Sunkwa-Mills, G., Bediako-Bowan, A., Akufo, C., Bjerrum, S., ... Newman, M. J. (2018). Antibiotic prescribing in paediatric inpatients in Ghana: a multi-centre point prevalence survey. BMC Pediatrics, 18(1), 391-399. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1367-5

CBE

Labi A-K, Obeng-Nkrumah N, Sunkwa-Mills G, Bediako-Bowan A, Akufo C, Bjerrum S, Owusu E, Enweronu-Laryea C, Opintan JA, Kurtzhals JAL, Newman MJ. 2018. Antibiotic prescribing in paediatric inpatients in Ghana: a multi-centre point prevalence survey. BMC Pediatrics. 18(1):391-399. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1367-5

MLA

Vancouver

Labi A-K, Obeng-Nkrumah N, Sunkwa-Mills G, Bediako-Bowan A, Akufo C, Bjerrum S o.a. Antibiotic prescribing in paediatric inpatients in Ghana: a multi-centre point prevalence survey. BMC Pediatrics. 2018 dec 20;18(1):391-399. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1367-5

Author

Labi, Appiah-Korang ; Obeng-Nkrumah, Noah ; Sunkwa-Mills, Gifty ; Bediako-Bowan, Antoinette ; Akufo, Christiana ; Bjerrum, Stephanie ; Owusu, Enid ; Enweronu-Laryea, Christabel ; Opintan, Japheth Awuletey ; Kurtzhals, Jorgen Anders Lindholm ; Newman, Mercy Jemima. / Antibiotic prescribing in paediatric inpatients in Ghana : a multi-centre point prevalence survey. I: BMC Pediatrics. 2018 ; Bind 18, Nr. 1. s. 391-399.

Bibtex

@article{a40a45d001f842d2b38b626e923a1302,
title = "Antibiotic prescribing in paediatric inpatients in Ghana: a multi-centre point prevalence survey",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics in hospitalised patients contributes to the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. Implementing a stewardship programme to curb the problem requires information on antibiotic use. This study describes a multicentre point prevalence of antibiotic use among paediatric inpatients in Ghana.METHODS: Data were extracted from a multicentre point prevalence survey of hospital acquired infections in Ghana. Data were collected between September 2016 and December 2016 from ten hospitals through inpatient folder and chart reviews using European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC) adapted data collection instrument. From each site, data were collected within a 12-h period (8 am to 8 pm) by a primary team of research investigators and a select group of health professionals from each participating hospital.RESULTS: Among 716 paediatric inpatients, 506 (70.6{\%}; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 67.2 to 74.0{\%}) were on antibiotics. A significant proportion of antibiotics (82.9{\%}) was prescribed for infants compared to neonates (63.9{\%}) and adolescents (60.0{\%}). The majority of patients (n = 251, 49.6{\%}) were prescribed two antibiotics at the time of the survey. The top five classes of antibiotics prescribed were third generation cephalosporins (n = 154, 18.5{\%}) aminoglycosides (n = 149, 17.9{\%}), second generation cephalosporins (n = 103,12.4{\%}), beta lactam resistant penicillins (n = 83, 10.0{\%}) and nitroimidazoles (n = 82, 9.9{\%}). The majority of antibiotics (n = 508, 61.0{\%}) were prescribed for community acquired infections. The top three agents for managing community acquired infections were ceftriaxone (n = 97, 19.1{\%}), gentamicin (n = 85, 16.7{\%}) and cefuroxime (n = 73, 14.4{\%}).CONCLUSION: This study points to high use of antibiotics among paediatric inpatients in Ghana. Cephalosporin use may offer an important target for reduction through antibiotic stewardship programmes.",
author = "Appiah-Korang Labi and Noah Obeng-Nkrumah and Gifty Sunkwa-Mills and Antoinette Bediako-Bowan and Christiana Akufo and Stephanie Bjerrum and Enid Owusu and Christabel Enweronu-Laryea and Opintan, {Japheth Awuletey} and Kurtzhals, {Jorgen Anders Lindholm} and Newman, {Mercy Jemima}",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1186/s12887-018-1367-5",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "391--399",
journal = "BMC Pediatrics",
issn = "1471-2431",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antibiotic prescribing in paediatric inpatients in Ghana

T2 - a multi-centre point prevalence survey

AU - Labi, Appiah-Korang

AU - Obeng-Nkrumah, Noah

AU - Sunkwa-Mills, Gifty

AU - Bediako-Bowan, Antoinette

AU - Akufo, Christiana

AU - Bjerrum, Stephanie

AU - Owusu, Enid

AU - Enweronu-Laryea, Christabel

AU - Opintan, Japheth Awuletey

AU - Kurtzhals, Jorgen Anders Lindholm

AU - Newman, Mercy Jemima

PY - 2018/12/20

Y1 - 2018/12/20

N2 - BACKGROUND: Excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics in hospitalised patients contributes to the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. Implementing a stewardship programme to curb the problem requires information on antibiotic use. This study describes a multicentre point prevalence of antibiotic use among paediatric inpatients in Ghana.METHODS: Data were extracted from a multicentre point prevalence survey of hospital acquired infections in Ghana. Data were collected between September 2016 and December 2016 from ten hospitals through inpatient folder and chart reviews using European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC) adapted data collection instrument. From each site, data were collected within a 12-h period (8 am to 8 pm) by a primary team of research investigators and a select group of health professionals from each participating hospital.RESULTS: Among 716 paediatric inpatients, 506 (70.6%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 67.2 to 74.0%) were on antibiotics. A significant proportion of antibiotics (82.9%) was prescribed for infants compared to neonates (63.9%) and adolescents (60.0%). The majority of patients (n = 251, 49.6%) were prescribed two antibiotics at the time of the survey. The top five classes of antibiotics prescribed were third generation cephalosporins (n = 154, 18.5%) aminoglycosides (n = 149, 17.9%), second generation cephalosporins (n = 103,12.4%), beta lactam resistant penicillins (n = 83, 10.0%) and nitroimidazoles (n = 82, 9.9%). The majority of antibiotics (n = 508, 61.0%) were prescribed for community acquired infections. The top three agents for managing community acquired infections were ceftriaxone (n = 97, 19.1%), gentamicin (n = 85, 16.7%) and cefuroxime (n = 73, 14.4%).CONCLUSION: This study points to high use of antibiotics among paediatric inpatients in Ghana. Cephalosporin use may offer an important target for reduction through antibiotic stewardship programmes.

AB - BACKGROUND: Excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics in hospitalised patients contributes to the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. Implementing a stewardship programme to curb the problem requires information on antibiotic use. This study describes a multicentre point prevalence of antibiotic use among paediatric inpatients in Ghana.METHODS: Data were extracted from a multicentre point prevalence survey of hospital acquired infections in Ghana. Data were collected between September 2016 and December 2016 from ten hospitals through inpatient folder and chart reviews using European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC) adapted data collection instrument. From each site, data were collected within a 12-h period (8 am to 8 pm) by a primary team of research investigators and a select group of health professionals from each participating hospital.RESULTS: Among 716 paediatric inpatients, 506 (70.6%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 67.2 to 74.0%) were on antibiotics. A significant proportion of antibiotics (82.9%) was prescribed for infants compared to neonates (63.9%) and adolescents (60.0%). The majority of patients (n = 251, 49.6%) were prescribed two antibiotics at the time of the survey. The top five classes of antibiotics prescribed were third generation cephalosporins (n = 154, 18.5%) aminoglycosides (n = 149, 17.9%), second generation cephalosporins (n = 103,12.4%), beta lactam resistant penicillins (n = 83, 10.0%) and nitroimidazoles (n = 82, 9.9%). The majority of antibiotics (n = 508, 61.0%) were prescribed for community acquired infections. The top three agents for managing community acquired infections were ceftriaxone (n = 97, 19.1%), gentamicin (n = 85, 16.7%) and cefuroxime (n = 73, 14.4%).CONCLUSION: This study points to high use of antibiotics among paediatric inpatients in Ghana. Cephalosporin use may offer an important target for reduction through antibiotic stewardship programmes.

U2 - 10.1186/s12887-018-1367-5

DO - 10.1186/s12887-018-1367-5

M3 - Journal article

VL - 18

SP - 391

EP - 399

JO - BMC Pediatrics

JF - BMC Pediatrics

SN - 1471-2431

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 56226406