Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Rigshospitalet - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

Altered Expression Pattern of Clock Genes in a Rat Model of Depression

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


  1. Effect of women's age on embryo morphology, cleavage rate and competence-A multicenter cohort study

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in circadian rhythms may be causal factors in development of major depressive disorder. The biology underlying a causal relationship between circadian rhythm disturbances and depression is slowly being unraveled. Although there is no direct evidence of dysregulation of clock gene expression in depressive patients, many studies have reported single-nucleotide polymorphisms in clock genes in these patients.

METHODS: In the present study we investigated whether a depression-like state in rats is associated with alternations of the diurnal expression of clock genes. The validated chronic mild stress (CMS) animal model of depression was used to investigate rhythmic expression of three clock genes: period genes 1 and 2 (Per1 and Per2) and Bmal1. Brain and liver tissue was collected from 96 animals after 3.5 weeks of CMS (48 control and 48 depression-like rats) at a 4h sampling interval within 24h. We quantified expression of clock genes on brain sections in the prefrontal cortex, nucleus accumbens, pineal gland, suprachiasmatic nucleus, substantia nigra, amygdala, ventral tegmental area, subfields of the hippocampus, and the lateral habenula using in situ hybridization histochemistry. Expression of clock genes in the liver was monitored by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

RESULTS: We found that the effect of CMS on clock gene expression was selective and region specific. Per1 exhibits a robust diurnal rhythm in most regions of interest, whereas Bmal1 and in particular Per2 were susceptible to CMS.

CONCLUSION: The present results suggest that altered expression of investigated clock genes is likely associated with the induction of a depression-like state in the CMS model.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)pyw061
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2016

ID: 49846033