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Acute pain management in burn patients: appraisal and thematic analysis of four clinical guidelines

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Gamst-Jensen, Hejdi ; Vedel, Pernille Nygaard ; Lindberg-Larsen, Viktoria Oline ; Egerod, Ingrid. / Acute pain management in burn patients : appraisal and thematic analysis of four clinical guidelines. I: Burns. 2014 ; Bind 40, Nr. 8. s. 1463-9.

Bibtex

@article{32045d5f15dd465a92a6eedd0b8045b0,
title = "Acute pain management in burn patients: appraisal and thematic analysis of four clinical guidelines",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Burn patients suffer excruciating pain due to their injuries and procedures related to surgery, wound care, and mobilization. Acute Stress Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, chronic pain and depression are highly prevalent among survivors of severe burns. Evidence-based pain management addresses and alleviates these complications. The aim of our study was to compare clinical guidelines for pain management in burn patients in selected European and non-European countries. We included pediatric guidelines due to the high rate of children in burn units.METHOD: The study had a comparative retrospective design using combined methodology of instrument appraisal and thematic analysis. Three investigators appraised guidelines from burn units in Denmark (DK), Sweden (SE), New Zealand (NZ), and USA using the AGREE Instrument (Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation), version II, and identified core themes in the guidelines.RESULTS: The overall scores expressing quality in six domains of the AGREE instrument were variable at 22% (DK), 44% (SE), 100% (NZ), and 78% (USA). The guidelines from NZ and USA were highly recommended, the Swedish was recommended, whereas the Danish was not recommended. The identified core themes were: continuous pain, procedural pain, postoperative pain, pain assessment, anxiety, and non-pharmacological interventions.CONCLUSION: The study demonstrated variability in quality, transparency, and core content in clinical guidelines on pain management in burn patients. The most highly recommended guidelines provided clear and accurate recommendations for the nursing and medical staff on pain management in burn patients. We recommend the use of a validated appraisal tool such as the AGREE instrument to provide more consistent and evidence-based care to burn patients in the clinic, to unify guideline construction, and to enable interdepartmental comparison of treatment and outcomes.",
author = "Hejdi Gamst-Jensen and Vedel, {Pernille Nygaard} and Lindberg-Larsen, {Viktoria Oline} and Ingrid Egerod",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2014 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.",
year = "2014",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1016/j.burns.2014.08.020",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "1463--9",
journal = "Burns",
issn = "0305-4179",
publisher = "Pergamon",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute pain management in burn patients

T2 - appraisal and thematic analysis of four clinical guidelines

AU - Gamst-Jensen, Hejdi

AU - Vedel, Pernille Nygaard

AU - Lindberg-Larsen, Viktoria Oline

AU - Egerod, Ingrid

N1 - Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

PY - 2014/12

Y1 - 2014/12

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Burn patients suffer excruciating pain due to their injuries and procedures related to surgery, wound care, and mobilization. Acute Stress Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, chronic pain and depression are highly prevalent among survivors of severe burns. Evidence-based pain management addresses and alleviates these complications. The aim of our study was to compare clinical guidelines for pain management in burn patients in selected European and non-European countries. We included pediatric guidelines due to the high rate of children in burn units.METHOD: The study had a comparative retrospective design using combined methodology of instrument appraisal and thematic analysis. Three investigators appraised guidelines from burn units in Denmark (DK), Sweden (SE), New Zealand (NZ), and USA using the AGREE Instrument (Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation), version II, and identified core themes in the guidelines.RESULTS: The overall scores expressing quality in six domains of the AGREE instrument were variable at 22% (DK), 44% (SE), 100% (NZ), and 78% (USA). The guidelines from NZ and USA were highly recommended, the Swedish was recommended, whereas the Danish was not recommended. The identified core themes were: continuous pain, procedural pain, postoperative pain, pain assessment, anxiety, and non-pharmacological interventions.CONCLUSION: The study demonstrated variability in quality, transparency, and core content in clinical guidelines on pain management in burn patients. The most highly recommended guidelines provided clear and accurate recommendations for the nursing and medical staff on pain management in burn patients. We recommend the use of a validated appraisal tool such as the AGREE instrument to provide more consistent and evidence-based care to burn patients in the clinic, to unify guideline construction, and to enable interdepartmental comparison of treatment and outcomes.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Burn patients suffer excruciating pain due to their injuries and procedures related to surgery, wound care, and mobilization. Acute Stress Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, chronic pain and depression are highly prevalent among survivors of severe burns. Evidence-based pain management addresses and alleviates these complications. The aim of our study was to compare clinical guidelines for pain management in burn patients in selected European and non-European countries. We included pediatric guidelines due to the high rate of children in burn units.METHOD: The study had a comparative retrospective design using combined methodology of instrument appraisal and thematic analysis. Three investigators appraised guidelines from burn units in Denmark (DK), Sweden (SE), New Zealand (NZ), and USA using the AGREE Instrument (Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation), version II, and identified core themes in the guidelines.RESULTS: The overall scores expressing quality in six domains of the AGREE instrument were variable at 22% (DK), 44% (SE), 100% (NZ), and 78% (USA). The guidelines from NZ and USA were highly recommended, the Swedish was recommended, whereas the Danish was not recommended. The identified core themes were: continuous pain, procedural pain, postoperative pain, pain assessment, anxiety, and non-pharmacological interventions.CONCLUSION: The study demonstrated variability in quality, transparency, and core content in clinical guidelines on pain management in burn patients. The most highly recommended guidelines provided clear and accurate recommendations for the nursing and medical staff on pain management in burn patients. We recommend the use of a validated appraisal tool such as the AGREE instrument to provide more consistent and evidence-based care to burn patients in the clinic, to unify guideline construction, and to enable interdepartmental comparison of treatment and outcomes.

U2 - 10.1016/j.burns.2014.08.020

DO - 10.1016/j.burns.2014.08.020

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25277698

VL - 40

SP - 1463

EP - 1469

JO - Burns

JF - Burns

SN - 0305-4179

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 44954738