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Hvidovre Hospital - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

The AAHKS Clinical Research Award: No Evidence for Superior Patient-Reported Outcome Scores After Total Hip Arthroplasty With the Direct Anterior Approach at 1.5 Months Postoperatively, and Through a 5-Year Follow-Up

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelpeer review

DOI

  • Nicholas Sauder
  • Veronique Vestergaard
  • Saira Siddiqui
  • Vincent P Galea
  • Charles R Bragdon
  • Henrik Malchau
  • Karim A Elsharkawy
  • James I Huddleston
  • Roger H Emerson
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BACKGROUND: The direct anterior approach to total hip arthroplasty (THA) may result in superior early postoperative patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). This study compared PROMs between THA patients treated with the direct anterior or posterolateral approach between 1.5 months and 5 years, using literature-derived patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) and minimal clinically important improvement (MCII) thresholds.

METHODS: A propensity score match of 93 direct anterior patients to 93 posterolateral patients from a multicenter US collaboration (6 centers, 398 patients) was performed. The Harris Hip Score (HHS), the Short-Form 36, and a Numerical Rating Scale for Pain were collected preoperatively, postoperatively (mean days: 47), and at 1, 3, and 5 years. The proportion of patients reaching the HHS PASS, Pain MCII, and Function MCII in the direct anterior and posterolateral groups was compared using binary logistic regressions, controlling for age, gender, body mass index, and Charnley score.

RESULTS: Direct anterior patients were less likely to reach the HHS PASS at the postoperative visit (P = .015; odds ratio = 0.454), but not at later visits (P > .082). Direct anterior patients had no difference from posterolateral patients in their tendency to reach the Pain MCII postoperatively or at 1 year (P > .090). The direct anterior patients were less likely to reach the Function MCII at the postoperative visit (P = .011; odds ratio = 0.422), but not at 1 year (P = .958).

CONCLUSION: No evidence was found of superior early postoperative PROM scores in THA patients treated with the direct anterior approach. No PROM differences were found at or beyond 1 year, indicating that patients reach similar final symptom states, regardless of surgical approach.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Journal of arthroplasty
Vol/bind35
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)S15-S21
ISSN0883-5403
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2020

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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