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Hvidovre Hospital - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
E-pub ahead of print

Household exposure to SARS-CoV-2 and association with COVID-19 severity: a Danish nationwide cohort study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelpeer review

DOI

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  • Marcella M Broccia
  • Victoria Elizabeth V E de Knegt
  • Elisabeth Helen Anna E H A Mills
  • Amalie Lykkemark A L Møller
  • Filip F Gnesin
  • Thea K T K Fischer
  • Nertila N Zylyftari
  • Stig Nikolaj S N Blomberg
  • Mikkel Porsborg M P Andersen
  • Morten M Schou
  • Emil E Fosbøl
  • Kristian K Kragholm
  • Helle Collatz H C Christensen
  • Laura Bech L B Polcwiartek
  • Matthew M Phelps
  • Lars L Køber
  • Christian C Torp-Pedersen
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BACKGROUND: Households are high-risk settings for the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Severity of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is likely associated with the infectious dose of SARS-CoV-2 exposure. We therefore aimed to assess the association between SARS-CoV-2 exposure within households and COVID-19 severity.

METHODS: We performed a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study including laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals from 22 February to 6 October 2020. Household exposure to SARS-CoV-2 was defined as having one individual tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 within the household. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to estimate the association between 'critical COVID-19' within and between households with and without secondary cases.

RESULTS: From 15,063 multi-person households, 19,773 SARS-CoV-2 positive individuals were included; 11,632 were categorized as index cases without any secondary household cases, 3,431 as index cases with secondary cases, i.e. 22.8% of multi-person households, and 4,710 as secondary cases. 'Critical COVID-19' occurred in 2.9 % of index cases living with no secondary cases, 4.9 % of index cases with secondary cases, and 1.3 % of secondary cases. The adjusted hazard ratio for 'critical COVID-19' among index cases versus secondary cases within the same household was 2.50 (95%CI=1.88-3.34), 2.27 (95%CI=1.77-2.93) for index cases in households with no secondary cases versus secondary cases, and 1.1 (95%CI=0.93-1.30) for index cases with secondary cases versus index cases without secondary cases.

CONCLUSION: We found no increased hazard ratio of 'critical COVID-19' among household members of infected SARS-CoV-2 index cases.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
ISSN1058-4838
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 24 apr. 2021

ID: 65156784