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Hvidovre Hospital - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

Effects of surgical stress and insulin on cardiovascular function and norepinephrine kinetics

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  • N J Christensen
  • J Hilsted
  • Laszlo Hegedüs
  • S Madsbad
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In resting supine subjects the whole-body clearance of norepinephrine (NE) based on arterial and venous sampling averaged 1.4 and 2.5 liters/min, respectively (P less than 0.02). The difference in clearance values was due to a peripheral uptake of NE averaging 45%. The calculation of plasma NE clearance based on venous sampling results in values that are too high. The plasma appearance rate of NE increased considerably after surgery, whereas the arterial blood pressure remained unchanged. This suggests that the sensitivity to NE is reduced postsurgery. Insulin has certain acute effects on cardiovascular function and plasma NE kinetics that are unrelated to the counterregulatory response to decrements in plasma glucose concentration. Insulin may both induce antagonism to the action of NE and increase the release of NE from sympathetic nerves. Intravenous insulin decreases the plasma volume and increases the hematocrit by an adrenergic mechanism. Plasma NE increases in normal subjects after an oral glucose load. This response may be of importance because in sympathectomized patients both oral glucose and insulin administration decreases the arterial blood pressure. During an oral glucose load insulin-dependent diabetics show abnormalities in the regulation of cardiovascular function and sympathetic nervous activity that may be related to the lack of rise in endogenous insulin in these patients. These results suggest that insulin may be of importance for the normal function of the cardiovascular system.
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology (Consolidated)
Udgave nummer1 Pt 1
Sider (fra-til)E29-34
StatusUdgivet - jul. 1984

ID: 40165006