What Genetics Can Do for Oncological Imaging: A Systematic Review of the Genetic Validation Data Used in Radiomics Studies

Rebeca Mirón Mombiela, Anne Rix Arildskov, Frederik Jager Bruun, Lotte Harries Hasselbalch, Kristine Bærentz Holst, Sine Hvid Rasmussen, Consuelo Borrás

Abstract

(1) Background: Radiogenomics is motivated by the concept that biomedical images contain information that reflects underlying pathophysiology. This review focused on papers that used genetics to validate their radiomics models and outcomes and assess their contribution to this emerging field. (2) Methods: All original research with the words radiomics and genomics in English and performed in humans up to 31 January 2022, were identified on Medline and Embase. The quality of the studies was assessed with Radiomic Quality Score (RQS) and the Cochrane recommendation for diagnostic accuracy study Quality Assessment 2. (3) Results: 45 studies were included in our systematic review, and more than 50% were published in the last two years. The studies had a mean RQS of 12, and the studied tumors were very diverse. Up to 83% investigated the prognosis as the main outcome, with the rest focusing on response to treatment and risk assessment. Most applied either transcriptomics (54%) and/or genetics (35%) for genetic validation. (4) Conclusions: There is enough evidence to state that new science has emerged, focusing on establishing an association between radiological features and genomic/molecular expression to explain underlying disease mechanisms and enhance prognostic, risk assessment, and treatment response radiomics models in cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6504
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number12
ISSN1661-6596
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Medical Oncology
  • Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
  • Radiography

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