BACKGROUND: Severe intellectual disability and growth impairment have been overcome by the success of early and continuous treatment of patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). However, there are some reports of obesity, particularly in women, suggesting that this may be an important comorbidity in PKU. It is becoming evident that in addition to acceptable blood phenylalanine control, metabolic dieticians should regard weight management as part of routine clinical practice.
SUMMARY: It is important for practitioners to differentiate the 3 levels for overweight interpretation: anthropometry, body composition and frequency and severity of associated metabolic comorbidities. The main objectives of this review are to suggest proposals for the minimal standard and gold standard for the assessment of weight management in PKU. While the former aims to underline the importance of nutritional status evaluation in every specialized clinic, the second objective is important in establishing an understanding of the breadth of overweight and obesity in PKU in Europe.
KEY MESSAGES: In PKU, the importance of adopting a European nutritional management strategy on weight management is highlighted in order to optimize long-term health outcomes in patients with PKU.