Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Weight loss, mortality and associated potentially modifiable nutritional risk factors among nursing home residents--a Danish follow-up study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Validation of the Danish SARC-F in Hospitalized, Geriatric Medical Patients

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Effect of a Minimal-Massive Intervention in Hospitalized Older Patients with Oropharyngeal Dysphagia: A Proof of Concept Study.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearchpeer-review

  3. A Comprehensive Fracture Prevention Strategy in Older Adults: The European Union Geriatric Medicine Society (EUGMS) Statement

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Nutritional status and associated factors on geriatric admission

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this follow-up study is to assess the association between different potentially modifiable nutritional risk factors; weight loss after six and 12 months and mortality.

DESIGN, SETTING: A one year follow-up project among Danish nursing home residents.

PARTICIPANTS: A total of 441 nursing home resident living in 11 nursing homes.

MEASUREMENTS: Odds ratio was calculated and used to assess the strength of association between different potentially modifiable nutritional risk factors and nutritional status of the participants. The difference in mortality between those who died versus survivors was assessed by means of Fishers Exact Test.

RESULTS: Almost half experienced a loss of weight during the follow-up period. The nutritional risk factors significantly or borderline significantly associated with weight loss were; eating dependency, leaves 25% or more of food uneaten at most meals, chewing and swallowing problems. The prevalence of eating dependency; leaves 25% or more of food uneaten at most meals; swallowing problems and enteral nutrition were higher among those who died than among survivors.

CONCLUSION: A high percentage of old nursing home residents suffer from weight loss and this is associated with several potentially modifiable nutritional risk factors. Increased combined efforts from all levels of care and wider ranged multidisciplinary nutritional support need to be implemented. Regular routines for assessing weight loss and the potentially modifiable nutritional risk factors cannot be stressed enough.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nutrition, Health and Aging
Volume19
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)96-101
Number of pages6
ISSN1279-7707
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

    Research areas

  • Aged, 80 and over, Body Weight, Deglutition Disorders, Eating, Enteral Nutrition, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Geriatric Assessment, Humans, Male, Malnutrition, Mastication, Netherlands, Nursing Homes, Nutrition Assessment, Nutritional Status, Odds Ratio, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Weight Loss

ID: 46308135