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Weight gain in adults with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder compared to restrictive anorexia nervosa—pilot findings from a longitudinal study

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DOI

  1. Explanatory Factors for Disease-Specific Health-Related Quality of Life in Women with Anorexia Nervosa

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Cognitive function in adults with enduring anorexia nervosa

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Background: Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is characterized by persistent failure to meet nutritional needs, absence of body image distortion and often low body weight. Weight restorative treatment in ARFID-adults is provided for as in Anorexia Nervosa (AN), while the effect is unknown. The aim was to compare weight gain between ARFID and restrictive subtype of AN (AN-R), including exploring impact of medical factors and psychopathology. Methods: Individuals with ARFID (n = 7; all cases enrolled over 5 years) and AN-R (n = 80) were recruited from the Prospective Longitudinal All-comers inclusion study in Eating Disorders (PROLED) during 5 years. All underwent weight restorative inpatient treatment. Clinical characteristics at baseline and weekly weight gain were recorded and compared. Results: There were no significant differences at baseline weight, nor in weight gain between groups. Anxiety was statistically significantly higher in AN-R at baseline. Conclusions: Although there were differences in several clinical measures at baseline (Autism Quotient, symptom checklist, mood scores and Morgan Russel Outcome Scale), only anxiety was higher in AN-R. No differences in weight gain were observed, although mean values indicate a faster weight gain in the ARFID group. Standard weight restorative treatment in this study in adults with ARFID has similar weight gaining effect as in AN-R.

Original languageEnglish
Article number871
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
ISSN2072-6643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

    Research areas

  • Adults, Anorexia nervosa, ARFID, Avoidant restrictive food intake disorder, Eating disorders, Inpatient setting, Restrictive eating, Weight restoration, Prospective Studies, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Middle Aged, Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder, Male, Young Adult, Adult, Female, Psychopathology, Weight Gain, Anorexia Nervosa/diet therapy, Treatment Outcome, Inpatients/psychology, Pilot Projects, Feeding and Eating Disorders/diet therapy, Longitudinal Studies, avoidant restrictive food intake disorder, adults, eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, inpatient setting, weight restoration, restrictive eating

ID: 65656959