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Utilizing monitoring data and spatial analysis tools for exposure assessment of atmospheric pollutants in Denmark

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  1. Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution, Road Traffic Noise, and Heart Failure Incidence: The Danish Nurse Cohort

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Breast cancer rate after oophorectomy: A Prospective Danish Cohort Study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Long-Term Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Air Pollution, and Incident Atrial Fibrillation in the Danish Nurse Cohort

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and road traffic noise and asthma incidence in adults: The Danish Nurse cohort

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Ole Hertel
  • Steen Solvang Jensen
  • Matthias Ketzel
  • Thomas Becker
  • Robert George Peel
  • Pia Viuf Ørby
  • Carsten Ambelas Skjøth
  • Thomas Ellermann
  • Ole Raaschou-Nielsen
  • Mette Sørensen
  • Elvira Vaclavic Bräuner
  • Zorana Jovanovic Andersen
  • Steffen Loft
  • Vivi Schlünssen
  • Jakob Hjort Bønløkke
  • Mand Torben Sigsgaard
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Air pollutant levels in Denmark are generally moderate due to a windy climate and moderate local emissions. Despite this, a series of epidemiological studies point to air pollution as a cause of severe adverse health effects in the Danish population. Significant relationships between air pollutant levels and negative health outcomes in the Danish population have thus been found for end points like: stroke, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma in adults, wheeze in infants, asthma hospital admissions in children, diabetes, and vascular function in the elderly. These findings have been possible as a result of combining the unique Danish health registry data with detailed exposure assessments based on routine monitoring data and/or high resolution exposure modelling. In the following we will have focus on exposure assessment methodologies. Some of the airborne pollutants that are not all well described, and for some pollutants the population based assessments are mainly indicative and incomplete. This especially counts for all airborne allergens. Today about 21% of the Danish population suffer from allergenic rhinitis and a proportion of these are affected by aeroallergens that are associated to specific pollen. There are many different species of airborne pollen in our ambient environment and a fraction of these negatively affects human health. However, this information on the exposure of allergenic pollen is either limited or not available. Initiatives have been taken that aim to bring pollen monitoring up to the same level as general air pollution monitoring programmes have today, including new observational methods for exposure estimates and the use of atmospheric models. As already stated the following chapter describes and discusses the applied methodologies and some of the main findings of the Danish studies on air pollution and pollen exposure assessment, and the associated negative health impact in the Danish population.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOccurrence, Fate and Impact of Atmospheric Pollutants on Environmental and Human Health
Number of pages28
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Publication date8 Nov 2013
Pages95-122
ISBN (Print)9780841228900
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2013
SeriesACS Symposium Series
Volume1149
ISSN0097-6156

ID: 58381418