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Usefulness of left atrial speckle tracking echocardiography in predicting recurrence of atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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The usefulness of peak atrial longitudinal strain (PALS) in identifying patients at high risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been investigated in several small AF populations. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate whether PALS predicts recurrence of AF after RFA treatment. MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched. Studies investigating the value of PALS in predicting successful RFA in AF patients were selected. Patients underwent echocardiography prior to RFA. Risk of bias was evaluated using the Quality in Prognosis Studies (QUIPS) Tool. Twelve studies and a total of 1025 patients suffering from paroxysmal or persistent AF were included. Odds ratios (OR) were assessed in a random and fixed effects model for univariable and multivariable pooled analyses respectively. PALS was found to be a significant predictor of AF recurrence after RFA across study populations (Univariable: OR: 1.17, CI95% [1.03-1.34], p = 0.018, per 1% decrease) (Multivariable: OR: 1.16, CI95% [1.09-1.24], p < 0.001, per 1% decrease). Patients with recurrence had significantly lower PALS prior to RFA than patients who maintained sinus rhythm (15.7 ± 5.7% vs. 23.0 ± 7.0%, p = 0.016). A pooled analysis of weighted mean differences (WMD) also showed a significant difference in PALS between the two groups (WMD: - 6.57, CI95% [- 8.49: - 4.65], p < 0.001). Lower values of PALS are associated with an increased risk of AF recurrence after RFA. PALS provides prognostic value in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe international journal of cardiovascular imaging
Volume36
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1293-1309
Number of pages17
ISSN1569-5794
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

ID: 60076074