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Usefulness of echocardiography for predicting ventricular tachycardia detected by implantable loop recorder in syncope patients

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Ventricular tachycardia (VT) may lead to syncope and sudden cardiac death. Implantable loop recorders (ILR) are recommended in the clinical work-up of patients with unexplained syncope. Our aim was to evaluate if echocardiographic parameters assessed prior to ILR implantation in patients with unexplained syncope may aid in identifying individuals with an increased risk of VT. The present study included 288 ambulatory patients (mean age 58 ± 19 years, 51% women) with syncope (90%) and presyncope (10%) who had an ILR implanted in the diagnostic workup. All patients underwent an echocardiographic examination prior to device implantation (median 3 months [IQR 1 to 6 months]). We examined incident VT, defined as a first-time episode of VT (> 30 s) or non-sustained VT (< 30 s) detected by the ILR. During median follow-up of 2.9 years [IQR 1.3 to 3.5 years] of continuous rhythm monitoring, 36 patients (13%) were diagnosed with incident VT (n = 25 non-sustained VT, n = 11 sustained VT). In unadjusted Cox proportional hazards models, left ventricular (LV) mass index (HR: 1.04 per 1 g/m2 increase [1.00 to 1.08], P = 0.047), mean LV wall thickness (HR: 1.36 per 1 mm increase [1.08 to 1.71], P = 0.009), and global longitudinal strain (HR: 1.15 per 1% decrease [1.05 to 1.25], P = 0.002) were significantly associated with VT. After adjusting for age, sex, implantable loop recorder indication and known heart failure, the above-mentioned parameters remained significantly associated with incident VT. LV mass index, LV wall thickness, and GLS may aid in identifying patients with increased risk of incident VT among patients with syncope. Echocardiography may potentially help select patients who can benefit from ILR.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe international journal of cardiovascular imaging
Volume37
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)3157-3166
Number of pages10
ISSN1569-5794
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

    Research areas

  • Adult, Aged, Echocardiography, Electrocardiography, Ambulatory, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Predictive Value of Tests, Syncope/diagnostic imaging, Tachycardia, Ventricular/diagnostic imaging

ID: 69610683