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Tumour control probability after Ruthenium-106 brachytherapy for choroidal melanomas

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Purpose: Ruthenium-106 (Ru-106) brachytherapy is a common eye-preserving treatment for choroidal melanomas. However, a dose-response model describing the relationship between the actual delivered tumour dose and tumour control has, to the best of our knowledge, not previously been quantified for Ru-106 brachytherapy; we aimed to rectify this.Material and methods: We considered consecutive patients with primary choroidal melanomas, treated with Ru-106 brachytherapy (2005-2014). Dosimetric plans were retrospectively recreated using 3D image-guided planning software. Pre-treatment fundus photographies were used to contour the tumour; post-treatment photographies to determine the accurate plaque position. Patient and tumour characteristics, treatment details, dose volume histograms, and clinical outcomes were extracted. Median follow-up was 5.0 years. The relationship between tumour dose and risk of local recurrence was examined using multivariate Cox regression modelling, with minimum physical tumour dose (D99%) as primary dose metric.Results: We included 227 patients with median tumour height and largest base dimension of 4 mm (range 1-12, IQR 3-6) and 11 mm (range 4-23, IQR 9-13). The estimated 3 year local control was 82% (95% CI 77-88). Median D99% was 105 Gy (range 6-783, IQR 65-138); this was the most significant factor associated with recurrence (p < .0001), although tumour height, combined TTT and Ru-106 brachytherapy, and sex were also significant. The hazard ratio (HR) for a 10 Gy increase in D99% was 0.87 (95% CI 0.82-0.93). Using biological effective dose in the model resulted in no substantial difference in dose dependence estimates. Robustness cheques with D1-99% showed D99% to be the most significant dose metric for local recurrence.Conclusion: The minimum tumour dose correlated strongly with risk of tumour recurrence, with 100 Gy needed to ensure at least 84% local control at 3 years.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume59
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)918-925
Number of pages8
ISSN0284-186X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

ID: 59852863