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Tubastatin A prevents hemorrhage-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction

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BACKGROUND: Microvascular hyperpermeability resulting from endothelial barrier dysfunction (EBD) is associated with worse clinical outcomes in trauma-induced hemorrhagic shock. We have previously shown that treatment with Tubastatin A (TubA), a histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor, improves outcomes in animal models of shock. In this study, we investigate whether TubA treatment may prevent trauma-related EBD.

METHODS: Wistar-Kyoto rats subjected to 40% hemorrhage were treated with TubA or vehicle control. Acute lung injury (ALI) was assessed histologically from tissues harvested 6 hours posthemorrhage. In vitro, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured in EGM BulletKit medium. Medium was exchanged for glucose-free Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (0.5% fetal bovine serum) with or without TubA, and cells were placed in an anoxic chamber (5% CO2, 95% N2, 20-48 hours). Expression of acetylated tubulin and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α was measured by Western blot. Soluble Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 concentration within the medium, a marker of endothelial integrity, was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Monolayers were assessed for permeability via transwell assays using fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled albumin.

RESULTS: Rats treated with TubA had significantly reduced ALI relative to vehicle control. In vitro, TubA significantly attenuated anoxia-induced hyperpermeability, hypoxia-inducible factor 1α expression, and glycocalyx shedding.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that TubA prevents hemorrhage-induced ALI in rats. Additionally, we have shown that TubA prevents anoxia-induced EBD in vitro. Taken together, these results suggest that TubA could attenuate microvascular hyperpermeability related to hemorrhagic shock.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe journal of trauma and acute care surgery
Volume84
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)386-392
Number of pages7
ISSN2163-0755
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

ID: 56536084