Trends in percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion and 1-year mortality 2013-2021: A nationwide observational study

Olivia J Madsen*, Morten Lamberts, Jonas B Olesen, Morten L Hansen, Thomas Kümler, Erik L Grove, Niels H Andersen, Emil Fosbøl, Ole De Backer, Jarl E Strange

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is increasingly used for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation and anticoagulant-related complications. Yet, real-life studies evaluating changes in patient characteristics and indications for LAAO remain scarce.

METHODS: To evaluate changes in patient characteristics and indications for LAAO defined as 2-year history of intracerebral bleeding, any ischemic stroke/systemic embolism (SE), any non-intracerebral bleeding, other indication, and 1-year mortality. All patients undergoing percutaneous LAAO in Denmark from 2013 to 2021 were stratified into the following year groups: 2013-2015, 2016-2018, and 2019-2021.

RESULTS: In total, 1465 patients underwent LAAO. Age remained stable (2013-2015: 74 years versus 2019-2021: 75 years). Patients' comorbidity burden declined, exemplified by CHA2DS2-VASc ≥4 and HAS-BLED ≥3 decreased from 56.7% and 63.7% in 2013-2015 to 40.3% and 45.8% in 2019-2021. Indications for LAAO changed over time with other indication comprising 44.7% in 2019-2021; up from 26.9% in 2013-2015. Conversely, fewer patients had an indication of any ischemic stroke/SE (2013-2015: 30.8% vs 2019-2021: 20.3%) or any non-intracerebral bleeding (2013-2015: 29.4% vs 2019-2021: 23.4%). 1-year mortality was 11.3% for any non-intracerebral bleeding and 6.2% for other indication.

CONCLUSION: The LAAO patient-profile has changed considerably. Age remained stable, while comorbidity burden decreased during the period 2013-2021. LAAO is increasingly used in patients with no clinical event history and mortality differs according to indication. Selection of patients to LAAO should be done carefully, and contemporary real-life studies investigating clinical practice could add important insights.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132098
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume408
ISSN0167-5273
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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