Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Treatment outcomes after initiation of exenatide twice daily or insulin in clinical practice: 12-month results from CHOICE in six European countries

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

DOI

  1. Clinical potential of lixisenatide once daily treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Incretin mimetics: a novel therapeutic option for patients with type 2 diabetes - a review

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

  • Claes-Göran Ostenson
  • Stephan Matthaei
  • Matthew Reaney
  • Thure Krarup
  • Bruno Guerci
  • Jacek Kiljanski
  • Carole Salaun-Martin
  • Hélène Sapin
  • David Bruhn
  • Chantal Mathieu
  • Michael Theodorakis
View graph of relations

OBJECTIVE: The CHanges to treatment and Outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes initiating InjeCtablE therapy (CHOICE) study assessed time to, and reasons for, significant treatment change after patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) initiated their first injectable glucose-lowering therapy (exenatide twice daily [BID] or insulin) in routine clinical practice, and these patients' clinical outcomes, in six European countries. This paper reports interim data from the first 12 months of the study.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: CHOICE (NCT00635492) is a prospective, noninterventional, observational study. Clinical data were collected at initiation of first injectable therapy and after approximately 3, 6, and 12 months.

RESULTS: Of 2497 patients enrolled in CHOICE, 1096 in the exenatide BID and 1239 in the insulin cohorts had ≥1 post-baseline assessment and were included in this analysis. Overall, 32.2% of the exenatide BID cohort and 29.1% of the insulin cohort (Kaplan-Meier estimates) had significant treatment change during the first 12 months, most commonly discontinuing injectable therapy or adding new T2DM therapy, respectively. Glycemic control improved in both cohorts, but weight loss occurred only in the exenatide BID cohort (mean change -3.3 kg). Hypoglycemia occurred in 13.2% of the exenatide BID cohort and 28.6% of the insulin cohort (82.8% and 55.6% of these patients, respectively, received sulfonylureas). The post hoc endpoint of glycated hemoglobin < 7%, no weight gain, and no hypoglycemia was attained at 12 months by 24.3% and 10.3% of patients who had data at 12 months and who were receiving exenatide BID and insulin, respectively.

CONCLUSION: About 30% of patients in CHOICE changed treatment in the first 12 months after initiation of first injectable therapy (exenatide BID or insulin). Overall, both cohorts achieved improved glycemic control, which was accompanied by a mean weight loss in the exenatide BID cohort.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity
Volume6
Pages (from-to)171-85
Number of pages15
ISSN1178-7007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ID: 43540233