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Time Trends in Simple Congenital Heart Disease Over 39 Years: A Danish Nationwide Study

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@article{0698ac68228d41e38ac7d819bf43768a,
title = "Time Trends in Simple Congenital Heart Disease Over 39 Years: A Danish Nationwide Study",
abstract = "Background We describe calendar time trends of patients with simple congenital heart disease. Methods and Results Using the nationwide Danish registries, we identified individuals diagnosed with isolated ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, or pulmonary stenosis during 1977 to 2015, who were alive at 5 years of age. We reported incidence per 1 000 000 person-years with 95% CIs, 1-year invasive cardiac procedure probability and age at time of diagnosis stratified by diagnosis age (children ≤18 years, adults >18 years), and 1-year all-cause mortality stratified by diagnosis age groups (5-30, 30-60, 60+ years). We identified 15 900 individuals with simple congenital heart disease (ventricular septal defect, 35.2%; atrial septal defect, 35.0%; patent ductus arteriosus, 25.2%; pulmonary stenosis, 4.6%), of which 75.7% were children. From 1977 to 1986 and 2007 to 2015, the incidence rates increased for atrial septal defect in adults (8.8 [95% CI, 7.1-10.5] to 31.8 [95% CI, 29.2-34.5]) and in children (26.6 [95% CI, 20.9-32.3] to 150.8 [95% CI, 126.5-175.0]). An increase was only observed in children for ventricular septal defect (72.1 [95% CI, 60.3-83.9] to 115.4 [95% CI, 109.1-121.6]), patent ductus arteriosus (49.2 [95% CI, 39.8-58.5] to 102.2 [95% CI, 86.7-117.6]) and pulmonary stenosis (5.7 [95% CI, 3.0-8.3] to 21.5 [95% CI, 17.2-25.7]) while the incidence rates remained unchanged for adults. From 1977-1986 to 2007-2015, 1-year mortality decreased for all age groups (>60 years, 30.1%-9.6%; 30-60 years, 9.5%-1.0%; 5-30 years, 1.9%-0.0%), and 1-year procedure probability decreased for children (13.8%-6.6%) but increased for adults (13.3%-29.6%) were observed. Conclusions Increasing incidence and treatment and decreasing mortality among individuals with simple congenital heart disease point toward an aging and growing population. Broader screening methods for asymptomatic congenital heart disease are needed to initiate timely treatment and follow-up.",
keywords = "cardiovascular intervention, congenital heart disease, mortality, temporal trends, Mortality, Cardiovascular intervention, Temporal trends, Congenital heart disease",
author = "Mohamad El-Chouli and Mohr, {Gr{\'i}mur H{\o}gnason} and Bang, {Casper N} and Morten Malmborg and Ole Ahlehoff and Christian Torp-Pedersen and Gerds, {Thomas A} and Lars Idorn and Jakob Rauns{\o} and Gunnar Gislason",
year = "2021",
month = jul,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1161/JAHA.120.020375",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "e020375",
journal = "Journal of the American Heart Association",
issn = "2047-9980",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "14",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Time Trends in Simple Congenital Heart Disease Over 39 Years

T2 - A Danish Nationwide Study

AU - El-Chouli, Mohamad

AU - Mohr, Grímur Høgnason

AU - Bang, Casper N

AU - Malmborg, Morten

AU - Ahlehoff, Ole

AU - Torp-Pedersen, Christian

AU - Gerds, Thomas A

AU - Idorn, Lars

AU - Raunsø, Jakob

AU - Gislason, Gunnar

PY - 2021/7/20

Y1 - 2021/7/20

N2 - Background We describe calendar time trends of patients with simple congenital heart disease. Methods and Results Using the nationwide Danish registries, we identified individuals diagnosed with isolated ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, or pulmonary stenosis during 1977 to 2015, who were alive at 5 years of age. We reported incidence per 1 000 000 person-years with 95% CIs, 1-year invasive cardiac procedure probability and age at time of diagnosis stratified by diagnosis age (children ≤18 years, adults >18 years), and 1-year all-cause mortality stratified by diagnosis age groups (5-30, 30-60, 60+ years). We identified 15 900 individuals with simple congenital heart disease (ventricular septal defect, 35.2%; atrial septal defect, 35.0%; patent ductus arteriosus, 25.2%; pulmonary stenosis, 4.6%), of which 75.7% were children. From 1977 to 1986 and 2007 to 2015, the incidence rates increased for atrial septal defect in adults (8.8 [95% CI, 7.1-10.5] to 31.8 [95% CI, 29.2-34.5]) and in children (26.6 [95% CI, 20.9-32.3] to 150.8 [95% CI, 126.5-175.0]). An increase was only observed in children for ventricular septal defect (72.1 [95% CI, 60.3-83.9] to 115.4 [95% CI, 109.1-121.6]), patent ductus arteriosus (49.2 [95% CI, 39.8-58.5] to 102.2 [95% CI, 86.7-117.6]) and pulmonary stenosis (5.7 [95% CI, 3.0-8.3] to 21.5 [95% CI, 17.2-25.7]) while the incidence rates remained unchanged for adults. From 1977-1986 to 2007-2015, 1-year mortality decreased for all age groups (>60 years, 30.1%-9.6%; 30-60 years, 9.5%-1.0%; 5-30 years, 1.9%-0.0%), and 1-year procedure probability decreased for children (13.8%-6.6%) but increased for adults (13.3%-29.6%) were observed. Conclusions Increasing incidence and treatment and decreasing mortality among individuals with simple congenital heart disease point toward an aging and growing population. Broader screening methods for asymptomatic congenital heart disease are needed to initiate timely treatment and follow-up.

AB - Background We describe calendar time trends of patients with simple congenital heart disease. Methods and Results Using the nationwide Danish registries, we identified individuals diagnosed with isolated ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, or pulmonary stenosis during 1977 to 2015, who were alive at 5 years of age. We reported incidence per 1 000 000 person-years with 95% CIs, 1-year invasive cardiac procedure probability and age at time of diagnosis stratified by diagnosis age (children ≤18 years, adults >18 years), and 1-year all-cause mortality stratified by diagnosis age groups (5-30, 30-60, 60+ years). We identified 15 900 individuals with simple congenital heart disease (ventricular septal defect, 35.2%; atrial septal defect, 35.0%; patent ductus arteriosus, 25.2%; pulmonary stenosis, 4.6%), of which 75.7% were children. From 1977 to 1986 and 2007 to 2015, the incidence rates increased for atrial septal defect in adults (8.8 [95% CI, 7.1-10.5] to 31.8 [95% CI, 29.2-34.5]) and in children (26.6 [95% CI, 20.9-32.3] to 150.8 [95% CI, 126.5-175.0]). An increase was only observed in children for ventricular septal defect (72.1 [95% CI, 60.3-83.9] to 115.4 [95% CI, 109.1-121.6]), patent ductus arteriosus (49.2 [95% CI, 39.8-58.5] to 102.2 [95% CI, 86.7-117.6]) and pulmonary stenosis (5.7 [95% CI, 3.0-8.3] to 21.5 [95% CI, 17.2-25.7]) while the incidence rates remained unchanged for adults. From 1977-1986 to 2007-2015, 1-year mortality decreased for all age groups (>60 years, 30.1%-9.6%; 30-60 years, 9.5%-1.0%; 5-30 years, 1.9%-0.0%), and 1-year procedure probability decreased for children (13.8%-6.6%) but increased for adults (13.3%-29.6%) were observed. Conclusions Increasing incidence and treatment and decreasing mortality among individuals with simple congenital heart disease point toward an aging and growing population. Broader screening methods for asymptomatic congenital heart disease are needed to initiate timely treatment and follow-up.

KW - cardiovascular intervention

KW - congenital heart disease

KW - mortality

KW - temporal trends

KW - Mortality

KW - Cardiovascular intervention

KW - Temporal trends

KW - Congenital heart disease

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85111455940&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1161/JAHA.120.020375

DO - 10.1161/JAHA.120.020375

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34219468

VL - 10

SP - e020375

JO - Journal of the American Heart Association

JF - Journal of the American Heart Association

SN - 2047-9980

IS - 14

M1 - e020375

ER -

ID: 66564663