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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
E-pub ahead of print

Three-dimensional accelerated acquisition for hyperpolarized 13 C MR  with blipped stack-of-spirals and conjugate-gradient  SENSE

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PURPOSE: To test a new parallel imaging strategy for acceleration of hyperpolarized 13 C MR acquisitions based on a 3D blipped stack-of-spirals trajectory and conjugate-gradient SENSE reconstruction with precalibrated sensitivities.

METHODS: The blipped stack-of-spirals trajectory was developed for an acceleration factor of 4, based on an undersampled stack-of-spirals with gradient blips during spiral readout. The trajectory was developed with volumetric coverage of a large FOV and with high spatial resolution. High temporal resolution was attained through spectral-spatial excitation and 4 excitations per volume. The blipped stack-of-spirals was evaluated in simulations and phantom experiments. Next, the method was evaluated for kidney and cardiac imaging in 2 separate healthy pigs.

RESULTS: Simulation and phantom results showed successful acquisition and reconstruction, but also revealed reconstruction challenges for certain locations and for wide signal sources. For the kidney experiment, the accelerated acquisition showed high similarity to 2 separately acquired fully sampled data sets with matched spatial and temporal resolution, respectively. For the cardiac experiment, the accelerated acquisition proved able to map each metabolite in 3 dimensions within a single cardiac cycle.

CONCLUSION: The proposed method demonstrated effective mapping of metabolism in both kidneys and the heart of healthy pigs. Limitations seen in phantom experiments, may be irrelevant for most clinical applications, but should be kept in mind as well as reconstruction challenges related to residual aliasing. All in all, we show that the blipped stack-of-spirals is a relevant parallel imaging method for hyperpolarized human imaging, facilitating better insights into metabolism compared with nonaccelerated acquisition.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
ISSN0740-3194
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Jan 2020

ID: 59121037