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Three versus five days of pivmecillinam for community-acquired uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled superiority trial

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Background: To investigate if a 5-day course pivmecillinam (amdinocillin pivoxil) 400 mg three times daily is superior to a 3-day course in women with uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI).

Methods: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted at nine primary care centres in Denmark. 368 women (18-70 years) with symptoms compatible with UTI were randomised to blinded therapy of 5 days [5d] or 3 days followed by 2 days of placebo [3d] from May 2015 to November 2017. Clinical data were assessed using a validated questionnaire at inclusion (day-0), daily the following 7 days and once again within the 2nd to 6th week after intervention. Bacteriological data were collected prior to intervention and twice between day 7 and 42. Main clinical endpoints were days to symptom resolution within 7 days after inclusion and proportions with clinical success at the end of intervention. Main bacteriological endpoint was proportion of participants with significant reduction of bacteriuria (≥ 102 CFU/mL) in 1st control urine sample. 2014-001321-32.

Findings: 180 (5d) and 188 (3d) participants were included in the study (mean age: 35.4 [5d] and 34.9 [3d]). Of these, 125 (70% [5d]) and 122 (66% [3d]) had a positive baseline urine culture. Forty-four participants were lost to follow-up, leaving 161 [5d] and 163 [3d] participants for analysis, respectively. Mean time to symptom resolution was 2.91 (SD 1.46; [5d]) days and 2.94 (SD 1.42; [3d]) days (P = .894). Clinical success at the end of treatment occurred for 117 of 153 (76%) receiving the 5d-course and for 115 of 157 (73%) receiving the 3d course (difference 3.2% [95% CI -7.1% - 13.5%]; P = .601). Bacteriological success was seen in 92 of 104 (88%) participants given the 5d course and in 86 of 99 (87%) given the 3d course (difference 1.6% [95% CI -8.4%-11.6%]; P = .895).

Interpretations: A 5-day course of pivmecillinam was not superior to a 3-day course in clinical or bacteriological outcomes for UTI.

Primary funding source: The Danish Regions [no. 14/217].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-69
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

    Research areas

  • Amdinocillin pivoxil, AUC, Cystitis, Pivmecillinam, RCT, UTI

ID: 57728610