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The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Treatment of patients with acute colonic diverticulitis complicated by abscess formation: A systematic review

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. The diagnostic accuracy of carcinoembryonic antigen to detect colorectal cancer recurrence - A systematic review

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE): explanation and elaboration

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. CONSORT 2010 explanation and elaboration: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Suspicions of possible vaccine harms must be scrutinised openly and independently to ensure confidence

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Do protocols for new randomised trials take previous similar trials into account? Cohort study of contemporary trial protocols

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. General health checks in adults for reducing morbidity and mortality from disease

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Benefits and harms of antipsychotic drugs in drug-naïve patients with psychosis: A systematic review

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Erik von Elm
  • Douglas G Altman
  • Matthias Egger
  • Stuart J Pocock
  • Peter C Gøtzsche
  • Jan P Vandenbroucke
  • STROBE Initiative
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Much biomedical research is observational. The reporting of such research is often inadequate, which hampers the assessment of its strengths and weaknesses and of a study's generalisability. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Initiative developed recommendations on what should be included in an accurate and complete report of an observational study. We defined the scope of the recommendations to cover three main study designs: cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies. We convened a 2-day workshop in September 2004, with methodologists, researchers, and journal editors to draft a checklist of items. This list was subsequently revised during several meetings of the coordinating group and in e-mail discussions with the larger group of STROBE contributors, taking into account empirical evidence and methodological considerations. The workshop and the subsequent iterative process of consultation and revision resulted in a checklist of 22 items (the STROBE Statement) that relate to the title, abstract, introduction, methods, results, and discussion sections of articles. 18 items are common to all three study designs and four are specific for cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional studies. A detailed Explanation and Elaboration document is published separately and is freely available on the Web sites of PLoS Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, and Epidemiology. We hope that the STROBE Statement will contribute to improving the quality of reporting of observational studies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery
Volume12
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1495-1499
Number of pages5
ISSN1743-9191
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

ID: 45015341