The role of IL-1 in postprandial fatigue

Louise L Lehrskov, Emma Dorph, Andrea M Widmer, Matthias Hepprich, Judith Siegenthaler, Katharina Timper, Marc Y Donath

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVES: Cytokines such as IL-1 seems to play a role in the pathogenesis of fatigue associated with some chronic diseases and anti-inflammatory treatment has been shown to reduce these symptoms. Ingestion of a calorie rich meal leads to postprandial fatigue, and is associated with increased systemic concentrations of cytokines, which is more pronounced in obese than lean subjects. We investigated whether postprandial fatigue is regulated by IL-1, and therefore reduced by IL-1 antagonism, in lean and obese subjects.

    METHODS: In a double-blind, crossover study in 8 lean and 8 obese male subjects, randomized to receive either saline (placebo) or the IL-1 receptor antagonist anakinra, we investigated whether postprandial fatigue was regulated by IL-1. To promote postprandial fatigue, subjects ran 30 min prior to a high-fat, high-carbohydrate meal. Fatigue was determined using the Stanford Sleepiness Scale and blood samples were drawn at baseline and after the intervention.

    RESULTS: IL-1 antagonism led to a reduction in postprandial fatigue and this effect was more pronounced in obese than lean individuals.

    CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that IL-1 is involved in the regulation of postprandial fatigue under physiologic conditions in lean and obese individuals. It remains to be shown whether this effect translates into clinical relevant effects.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMolecular Metabolism
    Volume12
    Pages (from-to)107-112
    Number of pages6
    ISSN2212-8778
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

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