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The presence of C/EBPα and its degradation are both required for TRIB2-mediated leukaemia

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  • C O'Connor
  • F Lohan
  • J Campos
  • E Ohlsson
  • M Salomè
  • C Forde
  • R Artschwager
  • R M Liskamp
  • M R Cahill
  • P A Kiely
  • B Porse
  • K Keeshan
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C/EBPα (p42 and p30 isoforms) is commonly dysregulated in cancer via the action of oncogenes, and specifically in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) by mutation. Elevated TRIB2 leads to the degradation of C/EBPα p42, leaving p30 intact in AML. Whether this relationship is a cooperative event in AML transformation is not known and the molecular mechanism involved remains elusive. Using mouse genetics, our data reveal that in the complete absence of C/EBPα, TRIB2 was unable to induce AML. Only in the presence of C/EBPα p42 and p30, were TRIB2 and p30 able to cooperate to decrease the latency of disease. We demonstrate that the molecular mechanism involved in the degradation of C/EBPα p42 requires site-specific direct interaction between TRIB2 and C/EBPα p42 for the K48-specific ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation of C/EBPα p42. This interaction and ubiquitination is dependent on a critical C terminal lysine residue on C/EBPα. We show effective targeting of this pathway pharmacologically using proteasome inhibitors in TRIB2-positive AML cells. Together, our data show that excess p30 cooperated with TRIB2 only in the presence of p42 to accelerate AML, and the direct interaction and degradation of C/EBPα p42 is required for TRIB2-mediated AML.Oncogene advance online publication, 21 March 2016; doi:10.1038/onc.2016.66.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOncogene
Volume35
Issue number40
Pages (from-to)5272-5281
ISSN0950-9232
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2016

ID: 46359285